At a time when Europe is witnessing major cultural, social, economic and political challenges and transformations, this book brings together leading researchers and experts to consider a range of pressing questions relating to the historical origins, contemporary manifestations and future prospects for juvenile justice. Questions considered include:

  • How has the history of juvenile justice evolved across Europe and how might the past help us to understand the present and signal the future?
  • What do we know about contemporary juvenile crime trends in Europe and how are nation states responding?
  • Is punitivity and intolerance eclipsing child welfare and pedagogical imperatives, or is ‘child-friendly justice’ holding firm?
  • How might we best understand both the convergent and the divergent patterning of juvenile justice in a changing and reformulating Europe?
  • How is juvenile justice experienced by identifiable constituencies of children and young people both in communities and in institutions?
  • What impacts are sweeping austerity measures, together with increasing mobilities and migrations, imposing?
  • How can comparative juvenile justice be conceptualised and interpreted?
  • What might the future hold for juvenile justice in Europe at a time of profound uncertainty and flux?

This book is essential reading for students, tutors and researchers in the fields of criminology, history, law, social policy and sociology, particularly those engaged with childhood and youth studies, human rights, comparative juvenile/youth justice, youth crime and delinquency and criminal justice policy in Europe.

part I|2 pages


chapter 3|15 pages

History, life-course criminology and digital methods

New directions for conceptualising juvenile justice in Europe

part II|2 pages


chapter 4|17 pages

Child-friendly justice

Past, present and future

chapter 5|31 pages

Transformations in youth crime and justice across Europe

Evidencing the case for diversion

chapter 6|24 pages

Youth justice and youth sanctions in four Nordic states

Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

chapter 9|24 pages

Illegal young bodies and the failings of liberal democracy

Some reflections on the European Union’s ‘refugee crisis’ and its implications for juvenile justice

chapter 10|21 pages

Understanding and learning from other systems of juvenile justice in Europe

Describing, explaining and interpreting

part III|2 pages


chapter 11|45 pages

Reading the present and mapping the future(s) of juvenile justice in Europe

Complexities and challenges