This title was first published in 2002: Human Resource Development (HRD) arguably constitutes the most important aspect of managing resources at work. In this context, HRD has for some time played a significant role in Western business management. This volume focuses on the changing role of human resource management (HRM) on an international spectrum, and its implication for the role that HRM plays within organizations in developed and developing economies. Critically assessing HRM in the context of public and private organizations and NGOs based in South East Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Eastern Europe, the volume focuses on the role of managers as both influenced and influencing change agents who determine the future of HRM. It examines changing patterns of HRM in terms of orientation, initiatives, policies and practices, and explores the possibility of a more flexible and constructive approach to ’gender’ as women increasingly occupy more managerial and executive positions.