This volume presents the first substantial exploration of crusading and masculinity, focusing on the varied ways in which the symbiotic relationship between the two was made manifest in a range of medieval settings and sources, and to what ends. Ideas about masculinity formed an inherent part of the mindset of societies in which crusading happened, and of the conceptual framework informing both those who recorded the events and those who participated. Examination and interrogation of these ideas enables a better contextualised analysis of how those events were experienced, comprehended and portrayed. The collection is structured around five themes: sources and models; contrasting masculinities; emasculation and transgression; masculinity and religiosity and kingship and chivalry. By incorporating masculinity within their analysis of the crusades and of crusaders the contributors demonstrate how such approaches greatly enhance our understanding of crusading as an ideal, an institution and an experience. Individual essays consider western campaigns to the Middle East and Islamic responses; events and sources from the Iberian peninsula and Prussia are also interrogated and re-examined, thus enabling cross-cultural comparison of the meanings attached to medieval manhood. The collection also highlights the value of employing gender as a vital means of assessing relationships between different groups of men, whose values and standards of behaviour were socially and culturally constructed in distinct ways.

chapter |17 pages

Crusading and masculinities

ByNatasha R. Hodgson, Katherine J. Lewis, Matthew M. Mesley

part |68 pages

Sources and models

chapter 1|15 pages

Propaganda and masculinity

Gendering the crusades in thirteenth-century sermons
ByChristoph T. Maier

chapter 2|17 pages

The valiant man and the vilain in the tradition of the Gesta Francorum

Overeating, taunts, and Bohemond’s heroic status
BySimon Thomas Parsons

chapter 3|19 pages

Al-Afḍal b. Badr al-Jamālī, the vizierate and the Fatimid response to the First Crusade

Masculinity in historical memory 1
ByMathew Barber

chapter 4|15 pages

The adolescent and the crusader

Journey and rebirth on the path to manhood in the thirteenth century
ByAnne-Lydie Dubois

part |60 pages

Contrasting masculinities

chapter 5|11 pages

Masculine attributes of the other

The shared knightly model
ByYvonne Friedman

chapter 6|13 pages

The true gentleman? Correct behaviour towards women according to Christian and Muslim writers

From the Third Crusade to Sultan Baybars
ByHelen J. Nicholson

chapter 7|16 pages

Contrasting masculinities in the Baltic crusades

Teutonic Knights and secular crusaders at war and peace in late medieval Prussia
ByAlan V. Murray

chapter 8|18 pages

The presentation of crusader masculinities in Old Norse sagas

ByJames Doherty

part |49 pages

Emasculation and transgression

chapter 9|16 pages

Crusader masculinities in bodily crises

Incapacity and the crusader leader, 1095–1274 1
ByJoanna Phillips

chapter 10|18 pages

Emasculating the enemy

Wicher the Swabian’s fight with the Saracen giant
BySusan B. Edgington

chapter 11|13 pages

Fighting women in the crusading period through Muslim eyes

Transgressing expectations and facing realities?
ByNiall Christie

part |75 pages

Masculinity and religiosity

chapter 12|23 pages

Leading the people “as duke, count, and father”

The masculinities of Abbot Martin of Pairis in Gunther of Pairis’ Hystoria Constantinopolitana
ByNatasha R. Hodgson

chapter 14|19 pages

Mediterranean masculinities? Reflections of Muslim and Christian manliness

In medieval Iberian crusade and jihad narratives 1
ByLinda G. Jones

part |72 pages

Chivalry and kingship

chapter 17|15 pages

Kingship on Crusade in the Chronicle and Poem of Alfonso XI of Castile

ByDavid Cantor-Echols

chapter 18|18 pages

… doo as this noble prynce Godeffroy of boloyne dyde

Chivalry, masculinity, and crusading in late medieval England 1
ByKatherine J. Lewis

chapter 19|16 pages

“Lest his men mutter against him”

Chivalry and artifice in a Burgundian crusade chronicle
ByRobert B. Desjardins

chapter |11 pages

Afterword 1

ByRuth Mazo Karras