Play is the child’s way of learning about, adapting to and integrating with his or her environment. In addition to adequate sports and recreation facilities children need a wide variety of opportunities, choices and raw materials that they can use as they see fit for free constructive creative play. Originally published in 1980, these essays, drawn from papers given at the International Playgrounds Association’s Seventh World Congress, focus on the social significance of play. However, both the Association and the book itself are not solely concerned with ‘playgrounds’ in the formal sense; rather, they are concerned with the wide range of play environments that are – or should be – available to children. It is recognised that play opportunities can exist for the child in and around the home (playrooms, backyards), the school and public park (traditional, adventure and creative playgrounds), the institution (day-care centres, hospitals), and the city qua city (the streets and shopping centres). This work is concerned with all these environments, considering the developmental aspects of play in a social context.

The varied contributions from researchers and play leaders from several countries, consider such topics as the importance of play, development through play, leadership training and special groups.

chapter |12 pages


Edited ByPaul F. Wilkinson

chapter 1|10 pages

Play in Human Settlements: an Integrated Approach

ByEthel Bauzer Medeiros

part One|30 pages

The Importance of Play

chapter 2|20 pages

Play and Early Childhood

ByOtto Weininger

chapter 3|8 pages

Education for Leisure: Is it our Responsibility?

ByCatherine Cherry, Robert Woodburn

part Two|72 pages

Development Through Play

part Three|48 pages

Leadership Training

chapter 9|6 pages

A Programme for Training Play Leaders

ByNancy L. G. Ovens

chapter 10|9 pages

Leadership Training for Work with the Severely Handicapped

ByJoyce Knowles

chapter 11|11 pages

Games for Growth – a Leading Question

ByLanie Melamed

chapter 12|10 pages

Put more Music into Play: A Plea to Play Leaders

ByShelley Gordon Garshowitz

chapter 13|10 pages

Dramatic Play in Early Childhood

ByDorothy Jane Needles

part Four|64 pages

Special Groups

chapter 15|10 pages

Play Needs of Immigrant Children

ByMavis Burke

chapter 16|12 pages

Play Interaction Differences between Normal Child/Mother and Retarded Child/Mother Dyads

ByColin Pryor, Walter Filipowich, Mayah Sevink

chapter 17|19 pages

Design Guidelines for Handicapped Children’s Play Environments

ByLeland G. Shaw

chapter 18|14 pages

Play and the Exceptional Child: Adventure Place – A Case Study

ByClara Will, Michael Hough

part Five|61 pages

Beyond the Playground

chapter 19|17 pages

Criteria for Children’s Playthings and Play Environments

ByYrjö Sotamaa

chapter 20|8 pages

Toy Libraries

ByColin Pryor

chapter 21|14 pages

Fitness and Play

ByPeggy Brown

chapter 22|13 pages

Beyond Competition: Organizing Play Environments for Co-Operative and Individualistic Outcomes

ByPeter K. Jensen, Harvey A. Scott