ABSTRACT

Ecosystem-Based Management (EBM) is one of the most holistic approaches to protecting marine and coastal ecosystems as it recognizes the need to protect entire marine ecosystems instead of individual species. After decades of pollution, habitat degradation and overfishing, now climate change and ocean acidification threaten the health of the ocean in unprecedented way. Environmental Management of Marine Ecosystems illustrates the current status, trends, and effects of climate, natural disturbances and anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems. It demonstrates how to integrate different management tools and models in an up-to-date, multidisciplinary approach to environmental management.

This indispensable guide provides several case studies from around the world and creates a framework for identifying management tools and their applications in coral reefs, fisheries, migratory species, marine islands and associated ecosystems such as mangroves and sea grass beds. It discusses the physical and chemical compositions of marine ecosystems along with the threats and actions needed to protect them. The application of model framework to several contemporary management issues include the modelling of harmful algal bloom dynamics, understanding the dispersal of sea lice, and the possible impacts on intertidal communities of the provision of novel offshore habitat.

The results of extensive research by an international team of contributors, the Environmental Management of Marine Ecosystems is designed to inform scientists, practitioners, academics, government and non-government policymakers on the particularities of marine ecosystems and assist them in understanding the EBM approaches in means of mitigation and adaptation of human activities that result in sustainability. These practices will help change the current methodologies used for resource assessment and the future regulations of marine resources.

chapter 2|33 pages

Inclusive Impact Index ‘Triple I’

ByKoji Otsuka, Fengjun Duan, Toru Sato, Shigeru Tabeta, M. Murai

chapter 3|34 pages

Biophysical Modelling of Marine Organisms: Fundamentals and Applications to Management of Coastal Waters

ByDmitry Aleynik, Thomas Adams, Keith Davidson, Andrew Dale, Marie Porter, Kenny Black, Michael Burrows

chapter 4|19 pages

Oceanic and Fisheries Response in the Northwest Pacific Marginal Seas with Climate Variability

ByChung Il Lee, S. M. Mustafizur Rahman, Hae Kun Jung, Chang-Keun Kang, Hyun Je Park

chapter 5|28 pages

Environmental Effects and Management of Oil Spills on Marine Ecosystems

ByPiers Chapman, Terry L. Wade, Anthony H. Knap

chapter 6|9 pages

Modeling for Management of Marine Ecosystem Around an Artificial Structure in a Semiclosed Bay

ByDaisuke Kitazawa, Shigeru Tabeta, Masataka Fujino

chapter 7|51 pages

The Economics of Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management

ByHans Frost, Lars Ravensbeck, Ayoe Hoff, Peder Andersen

chapter 8|27 pages

Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems in Vietnam

ByNguyen Quang Hung, Hoang Dinh Chieu, Dong Thi Dung, Le Tuan Son, Vu Trieu Duc, Do Anh Duy

chapter 9|25 pages

Management Strategies of St. Martin's Coral Island at Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh

ByMd. Nazrul Islam, Mamunur Roshid

chapter 10|24 pages

Habitat Complexity of Tropical Coastal Ecosystems: An Ecosystem Management Perspective

ByChandrashekher U. Rivonker, Vinay P. Padate, Mahabaleshwar R. Hegde, Dinesh T. Velip

chapter 11|19 pages

Biomonitoring Ecosystem Health: Current State of Malaysian Coastal Waters

ByW. O. Wan Maznah, Khairun Yahya, Anita Talib, M. S. M. Faradina Merican, S. Shuhaida

chapter 12|15 pages

Conservation and Management of Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) in Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary, Odisha, India

ByLakshman Nayak, Satyabrata Das Sharma, Mitali Priyadarsini Pati

chapter 13|19 pages

Management Challenges of Sinking of Oil Tanker at Shela Coastal River in Sundarbans Mangroves in Bangladesh

ByMd. Nazrul Islam, Md. Al Amin, Md. Noman