ABSTRACT

The literature relating to the learned control of autonomic processes, especially cardiovascular processes demonstrating that the activities of visceral response systems may be modifi ed by operant reinforcement and biofeedback procedures, has grown exponentially. This research seems to show behavioral properties in the cardiovascular system that were previously believed to be exclusive attributes of the somatic response systems; the implications of this for possible therapeutic use have received widespread publicity. Questions remained unanswered-about the nature of "voluntary" control and the conditions necessary for establishing it, the reciprocal effects of conditioned changes in cardiovascular and psychological or behavioral functioning, the use of cardiovascular events to index behavioral states, and the principles and techniques whereby operant conditioning of the cardiovascular system can be clinically applied.

part I|112 pages

Cardiovascular Function and Measurement

chapter 1|28 pages

Mechanisms of the Cardiovascular Responses to Environmental Stressors

ByRalph P. Forsyth

chapter 2|28 pages

A Selective Review of Central Neural Pathways Involved in Cardiovascular Control

ByDavid H. Cohen, Robert L. Macdonald

chapter 3|24 pages

Psychophysiology of Peripheral Vascular Changes

Edited ByMary R Cook

chapter 4|8 pages

Indirect Indices of Contractile Force

Edited ByJames E Lawler, Paul A Obrist

chapter 5|13 pages

The Indirect Recording of Human Blood Pressure

Edited ByBernard Tursky

chapter 6|9 pages

Techniques for Long-Term Direct Measurements of Cardiovascular Variables

Edited ByRalph P Forsyth

part II|112 pages

Cardiovascular Function — Experimental Studies

chapter 7|19 pages

Analysis of the Final Common Path for Heart Rate Conditioning

Edited ByDavid H Cohen

chapter 8|27 pages

The Cardiac-Somatic Interaction

Edited ByPaul A Obrist, James L Howard, James E Lawler, Richard A Galosy, Kathleen A Meyers, Claude J Gaebelein

chapter 9|27 pages

Comparative Psychophysiology of the Electrodermal and Cardiac Control Systems

Edited ByLarry E Roberts

chapter 10|21 pages

The Relationship Between Learned and Unlearned Cardiovascular Responses

Edited ByNeil Schneiderman

chapter 11|16 pages

Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Activity During Behavioral Hypertension in the Squirrel Monkey

Edited ByJ. A. Herd, R. T. Kelleher, W. H. Morse, S. A. Grose

part III|135 pages

Animal Operant Conditioning

chapter 12|22 pages

Operant Autonomic Conditioning: The Analysis of Response Mechanisms

Edited ByA. H. Black

chapter 13|25 pages

Respiratory and Somatomotor Factors Associated with Operant Conditioning of Cardiovascular Responses in Curarized Rats

Edited ByJasper Brener, Ethel Eissenberg, Middaugh Susan

chapter 15|17 pages

The Learning of Autonomie Responses by Curarized Animals

ByWilliam W Hahn

chapter 17|21 pages

Comparative Studies of Operant Electrodermal and Heart Rate Conditioning in Curarized Rats

ByLarry E. Roberts, J. Michael Lacroix, Marion Wright

chapter 18|9 pages

Some Problems in the Use of Neuromuscular Blockade

ByJames L Howard, Richard A Galosy, Claude J Gaebelein, Paul A Obrist

part IV|2 pages

Human Operant Conditioning

chapter 23|21 pages

Application of Operant Conditioning Techniques to the Control of the Cardiac Arrhythmias

ByBernard T Engel, Eugene R Bleecker

part V|116 pages

Heart Rate — Attentional and Motivational Processes

chapter 24|26 pages

Cardiac Conditioning and Orienting in the Infant

ByRachel Keen Clifton

chapter 25|33 pages

The Motivational Significance of Heart Rate

ByRogers Elliott

chapter 26|27 pages

Studies of Heart Rate and Other Bodily Processes in Sensorimotor Behavior

ByBeatrice C. Lacey, John I. Lacey

chapter |28 pages

Summary

ByA. Obrist Paul, Jasper Brener A.H. Black, DiCara Leo V.