This book sheds light on the status of tribal communities in Central India with respect to livelihoods, agriculture, natural resources, economy, and migration. Written by noted academics, thematic experts, and activists, this first-of-its-kind report by the Bharat Rural Livelihoods Foundation brings together case studies, archival research, and exhaustive data on key facets of the lives of Adivasis, the various programs meant for their development, and the policy and systems challenges, to build a better understanding of the Adivasi predicament.

This volume,

  • Provides a broad overview of the contemporary macro-economic situation of Adivasi communities, with a special focus on the challenges of agriculture, land, energy, and water use, especially groundwater;
  • Highlights the need to move into a new paradigm of agro-ecology based, nature-positive farming, and sustainable water use, driven by local institutions;
  • Examines the neglect faced by tribal areas in the development of infrastructure in various dimensions, from irrigation to energy;
  • Shares insights on the invisibility of tribal voices in the policy processes, and how political empowerment will enable socio-economic changes for the Adivasis at grassroot levels;
  • Discusses the Adivasi informal sector and the state of migrant workers, whose plight drew national attention during the recent Covid pandemic.

Companion to Tribal Development Report: Human Development and Governance, this book will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of indigenous studies, development studies, and South Asian studies.

Introduction 1. Macro-Economic Situation of Scheduled Tribes in India with a Focus on Central Indian Tribal Belt  2. Tribal Agriculture: Context and Challenges 3. Managing Groundwater Across the Diverse Central Indian Drylands: The Need For A Nuanced Approach 4. Urban Underclasses and Industrial Serfs of Transforming Tribal Central India: Survival Realities of Footloose Tribal Migrants 5. Improving Adivasi Access to Energy and Infrastructure 6. Land and Tribal Human Development: Part I 7. Land and Tribal Human Development: Part II