This book, first published in 1981, examines the influences affecting Soviet military thinking planning and theory in the later Cold War. It offers for the first time an insight into the range of premises and calculations surrounding the Soviet conception of power, and makes the connection between Soviet studies and military strategy, a link often missed in the West. It discusses comparative doctrines, cultural differences, arms control and specific security challenges between East and West.

Part 1. The International Setting  1. The Context of Soviet Military Thinking Derek Leebaert  2. Two Languages of War Robert Bathurst  3. Contrasts in American and Soviet Strategic Thought Fritz W. Ermath  Part 2. The Strategic Question  4. Soviet Nuclear Doctrine and the Prospects for Strategic Arms Control Stanley Sienkiewicz  5. Mutual Deterrence, Parity and Strategic Arms Limitation in Soviet Policy Raymond L. Garthoff  6. Soviet Naval Doctrine and Strategy Michael MccGwire  Part 3. The Non-Strategic Dimension  7. The Soviet Style of War Nathan Leites  8. Soviet Military Doctrine and Warsaw Pact Exercises Christopher Jones  9. Doctrine and Technology in Soviet Armaments Policy David Holloway