This book, first published in 1985, analyses the choices made by NATO’s northern allies during the 1970s and 80s, as well as the factors that produced these choices. Each country study investigates the historical background of the decision to align, the existence of specific enduring security preferences, and the way in which these have – to the extent they have – been reconciled in policy. The studies then examine defence policy priorities during tranquil periods, detail the factors responsible for promoting change in the way each country has formulated security priorities, and look at the way in which disputes have been played out in domestic political life. Finally, the studies analyse the broad outline of future priorities at the end of the Cold War.

Introduction Gregory Flynn  1. The Passive Constrained: Belgian Security Policy in the 1980s Luc Reychler  2. Denmark’s Quest for Security: Constraints and Opportunities Within the Alliance Martin Heisler  3. The Netherlands Depillarized: Security Policy in a New Domestic Context Jan G. Siccama  4. Norwegian Security Policy: Defence and Non-provocation in a Changing Context Arne Olav Brunndtland  5. The ‘Scandilux’ Connection: Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Norway in Comparative Perspective Josef Joffe  6. Lilliputs and Gulliver: Small States in a Great-Power Alliance Johan J. Holst