This book results from discussions at the 1982 World Archaeological Congress on 'Public Archaeology and Cultural Resource Management'. It brings to everyone's notice the common need of a coherent, well-planned response to the potentially destructive threats of development and tourism to archaeology.

Introduction: The rationale of archaeological heritage management Approaches to Heritage Management 1. Perspectives on the archaeological heritage: History and future 2. World archaeology – the world’s cultural heritage 3. Significant until proven otherwise: Problems versus representative samples 4. Science, service and stewardship–a basis for the ideal archaeology of the future 5. The ‘cultural dimension of development’ – an archaeological approach 6. Cultural resource management and environmental education in Venezuela 7. The ICOMOS International Committee on Archaeological Heritage Management (ICAHM) Regional and Country Studies 8. ‘Tread softly for you tread on my bones’: The development of cultural resource management in Australia 9. The administration of China’s archaeological heritage 10. Historical development and attendant problems of cultural resource management in the Philippines 11. Cultural resource management in sub-Saharan Africa: Nigeria, Togo and Ghana 12. Problems in the conservation and restoration of ruined buildings in Madagascar 13. Archaeological rescue and conservation in the North Andean Area 14. Cultural resource management at the federal, provincial, municipal and corporate levels in souther ontario 15. Heritage management and training in England 16. The management of the English landscape 17. Government archaeology in Northern Ireland 18. The new Spanish archaeological heritage legislation 19. Archaeological heritage management in the USSR 20. A review of the South African cultural heritage legislation, 1987 21. The Cultural Triangle of Sri Lanka 22. Cultural resource management in the USDA Forest Service 23. Cultural resource planning and management in a multiple-use agency 24. A contractor’s perspective of two approaches to cultural resource management in Arizona 25. Stonehenge– past and future 26. The Stonehenge we deserve Training and Qualification of Archaeologists for Heritage Management 27. Learning by doing: This is no way to treat archaeological resource 28. A suggested training scheme for archaeological resource managers in tropical countries 29. Policies for the training and recruitment of archaeologists in India 30. Archaeology and conservation training at the international level 31. The rôle of the professional institution