Originally published in 1987, this book explores the emergence, structure and ultimate fate of the Viennese Jewish community. Thirteen eminent specialists on Viennese social, political and cultural history combine to cover a wide variety of topics, including the social and psychological causes of the highly successful and intellectually creative position held by the Jewish community as a minority within the larger Viennese society. They also analyse the conservative politics of the pre-1914 Jewish community, and their relationship both to Zionism and to Austro-Marxism. The book also traces the continuities with the past in interwar Austria and analyse the stages leading to the expulsion, expropriation and annihilation of the Jews in Nazi-dominated Austria. The book concludes with an examination of post-Holocaust antisemitism in Vienna.

Editors’ Introduction: Perspectives and Problems. 1. The Jews of Young Hitler’s Vienna: Historical and Sociological Aspects Ivar Oxaal 2. Class, Culture and the Jews of Vienna, 1900 Steven Beller 3. Cultural Innovation and Social Identity in fin-de-siècle Vienna Michael Pollak 4. Viennese Culture and the Jewish Self-Hatred Hypothesis: A Critique Allan Janik 5. The Contexts and Nuances of Anti-Jewish Language: Were All the ‘Antisemites’ Antisemites? Robert S. Wistrich 7. The Politics of the Viennese Jewish Community, 1890-1914 Walter R. Weitzmann 8. Political Antisemitism in Interwar Vienna Bruce F. Pauley 9. Assimilated Jewish Youth and Viennese Cultural Life Around 1930 Richard Thieberger 10. The Jews of Vienna from the Anschluss to the Holocaust Gerhard Botz 11. Avenues of Escape: The Far East Franςoise Kreissler 12. Antisemitism Before and After the Holocaust: The Austrian Case Bernd Martin 13. Last Waltz in Vienna: A Postscript George Clare