This book is a very useful reference guide on how de jure and de facto standards are being developed and how these standards compete against each other. The book also looks at how FRAND commitments are being determined across countries, how these disputes have played out, especially in Asia, and how they can be better dealt with in future globally.

The book gives a broad overview of the business model of dominant SEP patentees and analyzes some standards for FRAND licensing of SEPs which are converging in major Asian jurisdictions. It highlights the need for ex ante regulation in the FRAND licensing of SEPs and suggests how we can reconcile conflicts which may arise from different legal standards.

This book provides detailed and comprehensive analysis of recent SEP cases with an emphasis on Asia and will interest anyone who wishes to have more insight into the legal, policy, industrial and economic implications of such issues.

chapter 1|23 pages


As a matter of standard for Asia and beyond?

part I|61 pages

The formation of standards and some economic observations

part II|84 pages

Beneficiaries and enforcement of FRAND declarations/commitment

chapter 5|38 pages

U.S. perspectives

chapter 6|22 pages

Asian perspectives

chapter 7|22 pages

UK perspective

part III|188 pages

Asian case law and global experiences

chapter 9|21 pages


chapter 10|20 pages


chapter 12|26 pages

Standard essential patents and FRAND licensing

A view from India

chapter 13|20 pages

The paradox of relief

Reconciling remedies in patent law and competition law for FRAND cases in India

chapter 15|30 pages

European experiences

EU and Germany