The protest against meat eating may turn out to be one of the most significant movements of our age. In terms of our relations with animals, it is difficult to think of a more urgent moral problem than the fate of billions of animals killed every year for human consumption.

This book argues that vegetarians and vegans are not only protestors, but also moral pioneers. It provides 25 chapters which stimulate further thought, exchange, and reflection on the morality of eating meat. A rich array of philosophical, religious, historical, cultural, and practical approaches challenge our assumptions about animals and how we should relate to them. This book provides global perspectives with insights from 11 countries: US, UK, Germany, France, Belgium, Israel, Austria, the Netherlands, Canada, South Africa, and Sweden. Focusing on food consumption practices, it critically foregrounds and unpacks key ethical rationales that underpin vegetarian and vegan lifestyles. It invites us to revisit our relations with animals as food, and as subjects of exploitation, suggesting that there are substantial moral, economic, and environmental reasons for changing our habits.

This timely contribution, edited by two of the leading experts within the field, offers a rich array of interdisciplinary insights on what ethical vegetarianism and veganism means. It will be of great interest to those studying and researching in the fields of animal geography and animal-studies, sociology, food studies and consumption, environmental studies, and cultural studies. This book will be of great appeal to animal protectionists, environmentalists, and humanitarians.

chapter |16 pages


Vegetarianism as ethical protest
ByAndrew Linzey, Clair Linzey

part I|2 pages

Killing sentient beings

chapter 1.1|15 pages

Why foods derived from animals are not necessary for human health

ByStephen Patrick Kieran Walsh

chapter 1.2|8 pages

Against killing “happy” animals

ByAndrew Fisher

chapter 1.3|9 pages

Food ethics and justice toward animals

ByCorine Pelluchon

chapter 1.4|11 pages

Animals as honorary humans

ByBob Fischer

chapter 1.5|10 pages

Nonhuman animals’ desires and their moral relevance

ByRobert Patrick Stone Lazo

chapter 1.6|10 pages

Why vegetarianism wasn’t on the menu in early Greece

BySimon Pulleyn

chapter 1.7|12 pages

The ethics of eating in “evangelical” discourse

ByPhilip Sampson

chapter 1.8|9 pages

Myth and meat

C. S. Lewis sidesteps Genesis 1:29–30
ByMichael J. Gilmour

chapter 1.9|14 pages

The moral poverty of pescetarianism

ByMax Elder

chapter 1.10|10 pages

There is something fishy about eating fish, even on Fridays

On Christian abstinence from meat, piscine sentience, and a fish called Jesus
ByKurt Remele

part II|2 pages

The harms or cruelty involved in institutionalized killing

chapter 2.1|11 pages

“The cost of cruelty”

Henry Bergh and the abattoirs
ByRobyn Hederman

chapter 2.2|12 pages

“All creation groans”

The lives of factory farmed animals in the United States
ByLucille Claire Thibodeau

chapter 2.3|11 pages

L’Enfer, c’est nous autres

Institutionalized cruelty as standard industry practice in animal agriculture in the United States
ByPatricia McEachern

chapter 2.4|10 pages

Welfare and productivity in animal agriculture

ByJeff Johnson

chapter 2.5|9 pages

Taking on the gaze of Jesus

Perceiving the factory farm in a sacramental world
ByJim Robinson

chapter 2.6|10 pages

“A lamb as it had been slain”

Mortal (animal) bodies in the Abrahamic traditions
ByMarjorie Corbman

chapter 2.7|9 pages

Cattle husbandry without slaughtering

A lifetime of care is fair
ByPatrick Meyer-Glitza

chapter 2.8|12 pages

Are insects animals?

The ethical position of insects in Dutch vegetarian diets
ByJonas House

part III|2 pages

The human and environmental costs of institutionalized killing

chapter 3.1|7 pages

Our ambivalent relations with animals

ByJeanette Thelander

chapter 3.2|10 pages

From devouring to honoring

A Vaishnava-Hindu therapeutic perspective on human culinary choice
ByKenneth Valpey

chapter 3.3|13 pages

The other ghosts in our machine

Meat processing and slaughterhouse workers in the United States of America‬‬‬‬‬
ByRebecca Jenkins

chapter 3.4|9 pages

Animal agriculture and climate change

ByTobias Thornes

chapter 3.5|11 pages

The INTENTIONAL killing of field animals and ethical veganism

ByJoe Wills

chapter 3.6|11 pages

How visual culture can promote ethical dietary choices

ByHadas Marcus

chapter 3.7|15 pages

Leadership, partnership and championship as drivers for animal ethics in the western food industry

ByMonique R. E. Janssens, Floryt van Wesel