In the last several decades, the analytic field has widened considerably in scope. The therapeutic task is now seen by an increasing number of analysts to require that patient and analyst work together to strengthen, or to create, psychic structure that was previously weak, missing, or functionally inoperative. This view, which may apply to all patients, but is especially relevant to the treatment of non-neurotic patients and states of mind, stands in stark contrast to the more traditional assumption that the therapeutic task involves the uncovering of the unconscious dimension of a present pathological compromise formation that holds a potentially healthy ego in thrall. The contrast which this book calls attention to is that which exists roughly between formulations of psychic structure and functioning that were once assumed to have been sufficiently well explained by the hypotheses of Freud's topographic theory and those that were not. The former are modeled on neurosis and dream interpretation, where conflicts between relatively well-defined (saturated) and psychically represented desires were assumed to operate under the aegis of the pleasure-unpleasure principle.

part I|71 pages

Clinical and theoretical aspects of representation: an introduction

chapter 1|15 pages

Introduction: from a universe of presences to a universe of absences

ByGail S. Reed, Howard B. Levine, Dominique Scarfone

chapter 2|24 pages

An empty mirror: reflections on nonrepresentation

ByGail S. Reed

part II|99 pages

Presence and absence: theoretical studies

chapter 4|20 pages

From traces to signs: presenting and representing

ByDominique Scarfone

chapter 5|27 pages

Psychic figurability and unrepresented states

ByCésar Botella, Sara Botella

chapter 6|30 pages

“If one only knew what exists!”

ByLaurence Kahn

chapter 7|20 pages

“Non-represented” mental states

ByMarion M. Oliner

part III|82 pages

Clinical explorations

chapter 8|14 pages

Drive, representation, and the demands of representation

ByMarilia Aisenstein

chapter 9|13 pages

Discovering an umbrella

ByJacques André

chapter 10|18 pages

In search of symbolization: the analyst’s task of dreaming

ByRoosevelt M. S. Cassorla

chapter 11|20 pages

The inaccessible unconscious and reverie as a path of figurability

ByGiuseppe Civitarese

chapter 12|15 pages

The process of representation in early childhood

ByChristine Anzieu-Premmereur