Published in 1999, this text examines domestic wars, looking at inter-state relations only in as far as they are directly relevant to understand such wars. The book aims to indicate how intra-state war differs from the inter-state war, and focuses primarily on such domestic armed conflicts that at least have significant ethnonational components. The book assesses how heterogeneous a category "ethnic conflict" is in terms of causes and consequences, and gauges the complex interplay between class, regionalism and ethnicity. It is not limited to description and causal analysis, but also attempts to assess suggestions as to what types of actors may contribute in what ways to avoiding ethnonational mobilization/polarization, avoiding militarization of manifest conflicts, and de-escalating militarized conflicts by looking for tenable generalizations on what types of approaches are fruitful in bringing about de-escalation, ceasefires, political compromises, peaceful division or peaceful integration, reconciliation.

Part 1: War as a Phenomenon  1. The Faces of War, Bjorn Moller  2. From Inter-State War to Warlordism: Changing Forms of Collective Violence in the International System, Dietrich Jung and Klaus Schlichte  3. Towards a Comprehensive Analysis of Ethnicity and Mass Violence: Types, Dynamics, Characteristics and Trends, Christian P. Scherrer  Part 2a: Issues at War: Some Main Kinds of Issues  4. Terrible Territoriality? Issues in Recent Literature on Conflict over Territory, Tuomas Forsberg  5. The Role of Development and Evironmental Change in Conflict Process, Wenche Hauge  Part 2b: Issues at War: Ethnonational Issues  6. Socially Constructed Ethnic Identities: A Need for Identity Management?, Tarja Vayrynen  7. Identity and Intra-State Ethnonational Mobilization, Ralf Ronnquist  Part 3: Causes of Peace and Conflict Transformation  8. Conflict Management and the Process of Escalation: Timing and Types of Responses, Christian P. Scherrer  9. Transforming Conflict in Democratizing States: A New Agenda for Conflict Resolution, Janie Leatherman  10. Forms of Third Party Intervention: Typology, Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Results, Marta Martinelli Part 4: Case Studies  11. Identity Conflicts and Their Resolution: The Oslo Agreement and Palestinian National Identities, Helena Lindholm Schulz  12. Cultural Roots of Russian Nationalism: Dilemmas of Existential Conflict, Anton Ivanov  13. Ethnic Conflict as Political Smokescreen: The Caucasus Region, Tamara Dragadze  14. Ethnicity and Intra-State Conflict: Types, Causes and Peace Strategies – A Survey of Sub-Saharan Africa, Felix Nkundabagenzi.