Forced Migration and Social Trauma addresses the topic of social trauma and migration by bringing together a broad range of interdisciplinary and international contributors, comprising refugee care practitioners, trauma researchers, sociologists and specialists in public policy from all along the Balkan refugee route into Europe. It gives the essence of a moderated dialogue between psychologists and psychoanalysts, sociologists, public policy and refugee care experts.

Migration is connected to social trauma and cannot be handled without being aware of this context. The way refugees are treated in the transit or target countries is often determined by the socio-traumatic history of these countries. Social trauma can be collectively committed and perpetuated, leaving transgenerational traces in posttraumatic and attachment disorders, uprootedness and loss of social and political confidence. Media and cultural artefacts like press, TV and the internet influence collective coping as well as traumatic perpetuation. This book shows how xenophobia in the refugee receiving or transit countries can be caused by projection rather than by experience, and that the way refugees are received and regarded in a country may be connected to the country’s cultural‐traumatic history. Refugees, who are often individually and collectively traumatised, experience multiple re-enactments; however, such retraumatisations between refugees and receiving populations or institutions often remain unaddressed. The split between welcoming and hostile attitudes sometimes leads to unconscious institutional defences, such as lack of cooperation between medical, psychotherapeutic, humanitarian and legal institutions.

An interdisciplinary and international exchange on migration and social trauma is necessary on all levels – this book gives convincing examples of this dialogue. Forced Migration and Social Trauma will be of great interest to all who are involved in the modern issues of refuge and migration.

part I|4 pages

Refugees in public policy and social representation

chapter 5|9 pages

Media coverage of refugees and policy processes

Serbia and the refugee crisis in the 2000s

chapter 6|8 pages

How “words matter”

Reporting on refugees and migrants in Europe

chapter 7|14 pages

Refugees in public policy and social representation

Workshop results

part II|4 pages

Trauma and migration

chapter 8|10 pages

Syrian ‘guests’ and the ‘receiving’ communities

Traumatisation of being an outsider/insider

chapter 9|10 pages

Inner emigration

chapter 10|11 pages

How can refugees heal?

Reflections on healing practices across the refugee process – from displacement to integration, return and beyond