In 1984 and 1985, the swift succession in the USSR's leadership affected all levels of Soviet society. This eighth volume in a series of biennial reports on the Soviet Union analyzes domestic affairs, economics, and foreign policy in light of that succession. Power struggles within the highest echelons of the Soviet communist party are examined. Contributors evaluate prospects for the attempted economic modernization in a system that leaves little room for radical reform. Moscow's swings between extremes of self-isolation and readiness to talk raise questions about foreign and security policy during die transitional period. The contributors also identify perspectives, priorities, and trends for the future of Soviet politics, economics, and social developments. The Federal Institute for East European and International Studies in Cologne was established in 1961 as an academically autonomous research institution. It operates under the administrative and financial authority of Germany's Federal Ministry of the Interior.

chapter |8 pages


ByHeinz Timmermann

part One|111 pages

Domestic Politics

chapter 1|13 pages

Secretaries General Come and Go

ByHeinz Brahm

chapter 2|9 pages

The Party Apparatus Under Andropov and Chernenko

ByGyula Józsa

chapter 3|9 pages

The Government Apparatus Under Andropov and Chernenko

ByEberhard Schneider

chapter 4|7 pages

Military and Political Decisionmaking Processes

ByPeter Kruschin

chapter 5|9 pages

The Role of the Secret Service

ByAstrid von Borcke

chapter 6|9 pages

Ideology as a Key to Politics

ByHelmut Dahm

chapter 8|9 pages

The New School Reform

ByOskar Anweiler, Friedrich Kuebart

chapter 9|8 pages

Why Does the Party Need Sociologists and Psychologists?

ByThomas Kussmann

chapter 10|8 pages

Science and Technology

ByArnold Buchholz

chapter 11|9 pages

Churches in the Soviet Union

ByGerd Stricker

chapter 12|10 pages

Cultural Policy, Culture, Opposition

ByPeter Hübner

part Two|78 pages

The Economy

chapter 14|10 pages

Problems of Soviet Investment Policy

ByBoris Rumer

chapter 15|10 pages

Economic Growth and Transportation: Stop at the Performance Limit?

ByGertraud Seidenstecher

chapter 16|10 pages

Trends in Soviet Defense Expenditures: Facts and Speculation

ByFranz Walter

chapter 17|10 pages

Siberia: Resource or Burden?

ByHermann Clement

chapter 18|10 pages

Soviet Economic Reforms: Higher Achievement as a Result of New Premises?

ByHans-Hermann Höhmann

chapter 19|10 pages

Soviet Foreign Trade Restricted by Foreign Policy?

ByChristian Meier

part Three|110 pages

Foreign Policy

chapter 20|20 pages

Gorbachev: A New Manager for the Soviet Superpower

ByWolfgang Berner

chapter 21|10 pages

Soviet Policy Vis-à-vis the United States

ByManfred Görtemaker

chapter 22|9 pages

Arms Limitation and Arms Control in Soviet Policy Towards the West

ByGerhard Wettig

chapter 23|12 pages

Relations Between the USSR and the Federal Republic of Germany

ByFred Oldenburg

chapter 24|22 pages

The Soviet Policy of Hegemony and the Crisis of Authority in Eastern Europe

ByWolfgang Berner, Christian Meier, Dieter Bingen, Gyula Józsa, Fred Oldenburg, Wolf Oschlies

chapter 26|9 pages

Soviet Policy Towards China: Détente with Setbacks

ByDieter Heinzig

chapter 27|9 pages

Soviet Policy Towards Japan and Korea

ByJoachim Glaubitz

chapter 28|9 pages

States with a Socialist Orientation: A Soviet Model of Partnership

ByWolfgang Berner