Critics of the ecosystem concept have noted the tendency of ecosystem-based studies to overemphasize energy flow, to rely on functionalist assumptions, to neglect historical and evolutionary factors, and to overlook the role of individuals as the locus of natural selection and decision making. In this volume, leading figures in the study of biological and human ecology evaluate these criticisms and propose ways to advance the state of knowledge in ecological research.

part 1|159 pages

Assessment of Past and Present Approaches

chapter 1|30 pages

Limitations and Advances in Ecosystems Research

ByEmilio F. Moran

chapter 2|17 pages

Historical Origins of the Ecosystem Concept in Biology

ByFrank B. Golley

chapter 4|16 pages

The Ecosystem Concept in Archaeology

Edited ByMichael Jochim

chapter 5|29 pages

Human Biology and the Development of an Ecosystem Approach

ByMichael A. Little, Neville Dyson-Hudson, Rada Dyson-Hudson, James E. Ellis, David M. Swift

chapter 6|27 pages

Environmental Events and the Ecology of Cumulative Change

BySusan H. Lees, Daniel G. Bates

part 2|75 pages

New Directions in Resolving the Problem of Time and of Boundary Definition in Ecosystems

chapter 8|19 pages

Ecosystems over Time: The Study of Migration in “Long Run” Perspective

ByJohn W. Adams, Alice Bee Kasakoff

chapter 9|11 pages

Reflections on an Alpine Village as Ecosystem

ByRobert McC. Netting

part 3|74 pages

New Directions in Resolving the Problems of Hierarchical Level, Scale, and Data Collection

chapter 10|13 pages

Remote Sensing, Discovery, and Generalizations in Human Ecology

ByFrancis Paine Conant

chapter 11|11 pages

Ecosystems and Methodological Problems in Ecological Anthropology

ByDaniel R. Gross