Suggesting that events in Poland during 1980–1981 represent the tip of an iceberg, the contributors examine the rise of nationalism in Eastern Europe and its potential consequences for European security. They analyze developing problems and trends in the region, including the cooling of relations between the USSR and individual countries in Eastern Europe, the continuing economic crisis, changing social structures, the influence of the intelligentsia, and the eroding importance of ideology as a key part of Eastern Europe's political culture. The second half of the book focuses on the impact of these shifts on political and military relations between the USSR and Eastern European countries and on the efficient functioning of the Warsaw Pact.

chapter 1|10 pages


ByTrond Gilberg, Jeffrey Simon

part I|55 pages

Socioeconomic Developments

chapter 2|15 pages

The Soviet Economic Slowdown: How Much Room for Maneuver?

ByHans Heymann

chapter 3|20 pages

The Economic Crisis in Eastern Europe

ByLincoln Gordon

chapter 4|17 pages

Gass, Politics, and Economic Stress: Eastern Europe After 1984

ByWalter D. Connor

part II|58 pages

Ideology, Political Nationalism, and Cultural Developments

chapter 5|11 pages

Marxist Thought and the Rise of Nationalism

ByStephen Fischer-Galati

chapter 6|27 pages

Political Nationalism in Contemporary Eastern Europe

ByWoodrow J. Kuhns

part III|90 pages

Nationalism and Multilateral Organizations

chapter 8|45 pages

Agencies of the Alliance: Multinational in Form, Bilateral in Content

ByChristopher D. Jones

chapter 10|16 pages

Warsaw Pact Force Modernization: A Second Look

ByRichard C. Martin

part IV|96 pages

Nationalism and Political-Military Developments

chapter 11|39 pages

Continuity and Change in Soviet Party-Military Relations

ByVernon V. Aspaturian

chapter 13|18 pages

Nationalism in the Romanian Military: Ceausescu’s Double-Edged Sword

ByGeorge W. Price

chapter 14|16 pages

Conclusion: Implications for US Security

ByJeffrey Simon, Trond Gilberg