This book is a unique compilation of essays about the genocidal persecution fuelling the Nazi regime in World War II. Written by world-renowned experts in the field, it confronts a vitally important and exceedingly difficult topic with sensitivity, courage, and wisdom, furthering our understanding of the Holocaust/Shoah psychoanalytically, historically, and through the arts.

Authors from four continents offer their perspectives, clinical experiences, findings, and personal narratives on such subjects as resilience, remembrance, giving testimony, aging, and mourning. There is an emphasis on the intergenerational transmission of trauma of both the victims and the perpetrators, with chapters looking at the question of "evil", comparative studies, prevention, and the misuse of the Holocaust. Those chapters relating to therapy address the specific issues of the survivors, including the second and third generation, through psychoanalysis as well as other modalities, whilst the section on creativity and the arts looks at film, theater, poetry, opera, and writing.

The aftermath of the Holocaust demanded that psychoanalysis re-examine the importance of psychic trauma; those who first studied this darkest chapter in human history successfully challenged the long-held assumption that psychical reality was essentially the only reality to be considered. As a result, contemporary thought about trauma, dissociation, self psychology, and relational psychology were greatly influenced by these pioneers, whose ideas have evolved since then. This long-awaited text is the definitive update and elaboration of their original contributions.

section Section I|38 pages


chapter 1|15 pages

Lessons learned

ByHenry Zvi Lothane

chapter 2|7 pages

Freud, Max Weber, and the Shoah

ByPeter Loewenberg

chapter 3|7 pages

A non-Jewish view

ByVamik D. Volkan

chapter 4|7 pages

Bearing witness

ByDori Laub

section Section II|42 pages

On surviving

chapter 5|11 pages


ByRobert Krell

chapter 6|10 pages

Vagaries of memory

ByMarion M. Oliner

chapter 7|5 pages

A moment in time

ByVera Muller-Paisner

chapter 8|7 pages

Aging: coping with re-traumatization

BySophia Richman

chapter 9|7 pages


ByAnna Ornstein

section Section III|46 pages

Transmission of trauma

chapter 10|7 pages

Second generation identity

ByEva Fogelman

chapter 11|6 pages

Fifty years as a “2G” author

ByHelen Epstein

chapter 12|7 pages

Intergenerational transmission

ByIlany Kogan

chapter 13|8 pages

Trans-generational fallout

ByYolanda Gampel

chapter 14|8 pages

Family dynamics

ByHanni Mann-Shalvi

chapter 15|8 pages

Third generation

ByRivka Bekerman-Greenberg

section Section IV|36 pages

From the dark side

chapter 16|14 pages

Problems in German remembrance

ByWerner Bohleber

chapter 17|10 pages

Transmitted unatoned guilt

ByFriedrich-Wilhelm Eickhoff, Rod Koeltgen, Peter Hoffer

chapter 18|10 pages

On evil

ByKathryn Ann Baselice, J. Anderson Thomson

section Section V|46 pages


chapter 19|10 pages

Film 1

ByAndrea Sabbadini

chapter 20|12 pages

Theatre, opera, and literature

ByBella Rubin

chapter 21|8 pages

Challenges on stage

ByIra Brenner

chapter 22|10 pages

At the water’s edge: poetry and the Holocaust

ByJanet R. Kirchheimer

chapter 23|4 pages

A Kaddish for Auschwitz

BySergio Lewkowicz, Mara Louise, Bredahl Ciria

section Section VI|26 pages

Never again?

chapter 24|8 pages

Toward reducing large group conflict

ByHenri Parens

chapter 25|12 pages

Holocaust, Rwanda, and Palestine

ByJanet Kestenberg Amighi

chapter 26|4 pages

Holocaust as a weapon against the Jews

ByThane Rosenbaum