This book is a unique compilation of essays about the genocidal persecution fuelling the Nazi regime in World War II. Written by world-renowned experts in the field, it confronts a vitally important and exceedingly difficult topic with sensitivity, courage, and wisdom, furthering our understanding of the Holocaust/Shoah psychoanalytically, historically, and through the arts.

Authors from four continents offer their perspectives, clinical experiences, findings, and personal narratives on such subjects as resilience, remembrance, giving testimony, aging, and mourning. There is an emphasis on the intergenerational transmission of trauma of both the victims and the perpetrators, with chapters looking at the question of "evil", comparative studies, prevention, and the misuse of the Holocaust. Those chapters relating to therapy address the specific issues of the survivors, including the second and third generation, through psychoanalysis as well as other modalities, whilst the section on creativity and the arts looks at film, theater, poetry, opera, and writing.

The aftermath of the Holocaust demanded that psychoanalysis re-examine the importance of psychic trauma; those who first studied this darkest chapter in human history successfully challenged the long-held assumption that psychical reality was essentially the only reality to be considered. As a result, contemporary thought about trauma, dissociation, self psychology, and relational psychology were greatly influenced by these pioneers, whose ideas have evolved since then. This long-awaited text is the definitive update and elaboration of their original contributions.

section Section I|38 pages


chapter 1|15 pages

Lessons learned

chapter 3|7 pages

A non-Jewish view

chapter 4|7 pages

Bearing witness

section Section II|42 pages

On surviving

chapter 5|11 pages


chapter 6|10 pages

Vagaries of memory

chapter 7|5 pages

A moment in time

chapter 9|7 pages


section Section III|46 pages

Transmission of trauma

chapter 10|7 pages

Second generation identity

chapter 11|6 pages

Fifty years as a “2G” author

chapter 12|7 pages

Intergenerational transmission

chapter 13|8 pages

Trans-generational fallout

chapter 14|8 pages

Family dynamics

chapter 15|8 pages

Third generation

section Section IV|36 pages

From the dark side

section Section V|46 pages


chapter 19|10 pages

Film 1

chapter 20|12 pages

Theatre, opera, and literature

chapter 21|8 pages

Challenges on stage

section Section VI|26 pages

Never again?