This book offers interdisciplinary and cross-national perspectives on the challenges of negotiating the contours of religious tolerance in Europe.

In today’s Europe, religions and religious individuals are increasingly framed as both an internal and external security threat. This is evident in controls over the activities of foreign preachers but also, more broadly, in EU states’ management of migration flows, marked by questions regarding the religious background of migrating non-European Others. This book addresses such shifts directly by examining how understandings of religious freedom touch down in actual contexts, places, and practices across Europe, offering multidisciplinary insights from leading thinkers from political theory, political philosophy, anthropology, and geography. The volume thus aims to ground ideal liberal democratic theory and, at the same time, to bring normative reflection to grounded, ethnographic analyses of religious practices. Such ‘grounded’ understandings matter, for they speak to how religions and religious difference are encountered in specific places. They especially matter in a European context where religion and religious difference are increasingly not just securitised but made the object of violent attacks.

The book will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, philosophy, geography, religious studies, and the sociology and anthropology of religion.

chapter |20 pages

Spaces of tolerance

Theories, contested practices, and the question of context
ByLuiza Bialasiewicz, Valentina Gentile

part I|80 pages

Negotiating freedom and religion

chapter 1|20 pages

The scope of religious freedom in Europe

Tolerance, democratic equality, and political autonomy 1
ByValentina Gentile

chapter 2|18 pages

Neutrality, toleration, and religious diversity

ByPeter Balint

chapter 3|17 pages

Toleration and tolerance

Between belief and identity
ByPeter Jones

chapter 4|23 pages

Infrastructures for living with difference

ByDan Swanton

part II|57 pages

Securing and securitising religious tolerance

chapter 5|18 pages

Religious toleration and securitisation of religion

BySune Lægaard

chapter 6|19 pages

Militant secularism versus tolerant pluralism

A critical assessment of the European Court of Human Rights
ByMargherita Galassini

chapter 7|18 pages

The limits of toleration towards Syrian refugees in Turkey

From guesthood to Ansar spirit
ByAyhan Kaya, Ozan Kuyumcuoğlu

part III|62 pages

Everyday spaces of tolerance

chapter 8|19 pages

Paradoxical visibility

Purpose-built Mosques in Copenhagen
ByKirsten Simonsen, Maja de Neergaard, Lasse Koefoed

chapter 9|17 pages

Mediating (in)visibility and publicity in an African church in Ghent

Religious place-making and solidarity in the European city
ByLuce Beeckmans