The 23 chapters in this volume explore the material culture of sanctity in Latin Europe and the Mediterranean between c. 1000 and c. 1220, with a focus on the ways in which saints and relics were enshrined, celebrated, and displayed.

Reliquary cults were particularly important during the Romanesque period, both as a means of affirming or promoting identity and as a conduit for the divine. This book covers the geography of sainthood, the development of spaces for reliquary display, the distribution of saints across cities, the use of reliquaries to draw attention to the attributes, and the virtues or miracle-working character of particular saints. Individual essays range from case studies on Verona, Hildesheim, Trondheim and Limoges, the mausoleum of Lazarus at Autun, and the patronage of Mathilda of Canossa, to reflections on local pilgrimage, the deployment of saints as physical protectors, the use of imagery where possession of a saint was disputed, island sanctuaries, and the role of Templars and Hospitallers in the promotion of relics from the Holy Land.

This book will serve historians and archaeologists studying the Romanesque period, and those interested in material culture and religious practice in Latin Europe and the Mediterranean c.1000–c.1220.

chapter |11 pages

A re-praesentatio of royal and holy bodies

The monumental tombs of Vienne cathedral in their liturgical settings

chapter |13 pages

Heribert and Anno II of Cologne

Two saintly archbishops, their cult, and their Romanesque shrines

chapter |12 pages

The canonisation of Bernward and Godehard

Hildesheim as a cultural and artistic centre in the 12th and 13th centuries

chapter |12 pages

A garland of saints

Romanesque Verona and the evocation of Rome

chapter |12 pages

The geography of death

Tombs of saints and nobles in the lands of the Canossas

chapter |19 pages

The pilgrimage Church of St Martin at Tours

The building project of the treasurer Hervé (c. 1001–1022) and its context

chapter |9 pages

Local hero

St Eusice at Selles-sur-Cher

chapter |20 pages

Extra-mural developments

The eleventh-century reconstruction of St-Eutrope at Saintes

chapter |13 pages

Byzantine echoes at the end of the eleventh century in the kingdom of Aragon

Sancho Ramírez and the relics of saint Demetrius of Thessaloniki, fact or historiographic fiction?

chapter |15 pages

Inventing a new antiquity

The reliquary-altar depicting the martyrdom of saint Saturninus at Saint-Hilaire d’Aude

chapter |11 pages

With faithful mind

The pilgrimage to Santo Domingo de Silos

chapter |8 pages

Bradanreolice, Burryholms, and Barry Island

Saints, shrines, and pilgrimage centres in the Severn Estuary

chapter |10 pages

Three Hungarian shrines from 1083

Canonisation, politics, and reform

chapter |14 pages

The royal and Christ-like martyr

Constructing the cult of saint Olav 1030–1220

chapter |10 pages

Images in the Bayeux tapestry and Rodes Bible

Reliquaries, models, and meaning

chapter |12 pages

Templars, cults, and relics

The Cleveland reliquary of the True Cross

chapter |11 pages

Templars, Hospitallers, and Canons of the Holy Sepulchre on the way of Saint James

Building at the service of lay spirituality