Following an active science-meets-industry approach on dealing with biomass and organics waste streams, this timely book foregrounds key issues facing South African policy makers, industry practitioners and scholars. The editors drew together a wide pool of experts in the biomass and organic valorisation industry and research, offering the most recent research, development and innovation undertaken by South African universities and science councils.

Spanning twelve chapters and divided into the following four key parts, the book offers solutions to industry and research on:

  • Quantifying organic waste: An overview of potential sources and volumes is offered, with an identification and characterisation of solid biowaste residues.
  • Biological treatment, covering the latest norms and standards; a biorefinery approach for the sugar industry; an integrated waste management approach for municipal sewage treatment; biogas production from abattoir waste; optimisation of biogas production from animal waste; and integrated bioremediation and beneficiation of bio-based waste.
  • Mechanical and chemical treatment, covering the beneficiation of sawdust waste; developing sustainable biobased polymer and bio-nanocomposite materials; and the valorisation of waste mango seeds.
  • Thermal treatment, which evaluates different municipal solid waste recycling targets in terms of energy recovery and CO2 reduction.


Part 1: Quantifying organic waste in South Africa  1. Overview of potential sources and volumes of waste biomass in South Africa  2. Identification and characterisation of typical solid biowaste residues in South Africa: Potential feedstocks for waste-to-energy technologies  Part 2: Biological treatment  3. Evaluation of the applicability of draft national norms and standards for organic waste composting facilities on landfill sites  4. A biorefinery approach to improve the sustainability of the South African sugar industry: An assessment of selected scenarios  5. Integrated waste management approach: Use of Acti-zyme for municipal sewage treatment and recovery of biogas and biosolids  6. Biogas production from blood and rumen content of sheep slaughtering waste under ambient conditions  7. Optimisation of biogas production by co-digestion of domestic animal waste  8. Integrated bioremediation and beneficiation of biobased waste streams  Part 3: Mechanical and chemical treatment  9. Beneficiation of sawdust waste in the context of an integrated forest biorefinery mill: Kraft and pre-hydrolysis kraft pulping properties  10. Development of sustainable biobased polymer and bio-nanocomposite materials using nanocellulose obtained from agricultural biomass  11. Valorisation of mango seeds via extraction of starch: Using response surface methodology to optimise the extraction process  Part 4: Thermal treatment  12. Evaluation of different municipal solid waste recycling targets in South Africa in terms of energy recovery and CO2 reduction