Examining the international dimensions of the Syrian conflict, this book studies external factors relating to the Uprising. It explores the involvement of outside powers and the events’ impact both on regional and international level.

Syria was widely perceived to be essential to the regional power balance, hence it was a valued prize to be fought over. The book examines the impact of global and regional powers in propelling the conflict in Syria; looks at the motives and strategies of the key regional and international actors (Hizbollah, Palestinians, Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, US, Russia, EU); and analyses the impact of the Syrian conflict on key relations between regional states (Turkey-Syria, Turkey-Iran, Iraq-Syria). Finally, several chapters treat the impact on Syria of international sanctions and the "Responsibility to Protect" doctrine. This book follows on to The Syrian Uprising: Domestic Origins and Early Trajectory, edited by Raymond Hinnebusch and Omar Imady (2018). Subsequent volumes will examine the later evolution of the conflict.

Taking an innovative and interdisciplinary approach that seeks to capture the full complexity of the phenomenon, this book contributes significantly to our understanding of the Syrian conflict and will therefore be a valuable resource for anyone studying Middle Eastern Politics.

chapter 1|16 pages

Thinking about the international factor in the Syrian crisis

ByRaymond Hinnebusch

chapter 2|20 pages

The Middle East regional security complex and the Syrian civil war

BySøren Schmidt

chapter 3|13 pages

The international and regional battle for Syria

ByChristopher Phillips

chapter 4|19 pages

The regional sectarian war and Syria

ByKonstantinos Zarras

chapter 5|17 pages

Hizbollah’s intervention in Syria

Causes and consequences
ByAdham Saouli

chapter 6|15 pages

Palestinian refugees and the Syrian Uprising

Subjectivities, mobilizations and challenges
ByValentina Napolitano

chapter 7|19 pages

Qatar and its rivals in Syria’s conflict

ByKristian Coates Ulrichsen

chapter 8|18 pages

Saudi policies in the Syrian crisis

ByMay Darwich

chapter 9|18 pages

Iran and the Syrian civil war

ByJubin M. Goodarzi

chapter 10|20 pages

Iraqi–Syrian relations and the Syrian Uprising

ByRaymond Hinnebusch

chapter 11|13 pages

Turkish–Iranian relations in Syria

Between rivalry and engagement
ByÖzden Zeynep Oktav

chapter 12|20 pages

The 2011 collapse of Syria–Turkey relations

Through a realist-constructivist lens 1
ByMarwa Daoudy

chapter 13|19 pages

US policy towards the Syrian conflict under Obama

Strategic patience and miscalculation
ByJasmine Gani

chapter 14|17 pages

Russian foreign policy in the early Syrian conflict

Traditional factors and the role of Syria in the Kremlin’s wider domestic and international goals
ByDaria Vorobyeva

chapter 15|16 pages

From Russia’s military deployment in Syria to the Astana process

ByNikolay Kozhanov

chapter 16|16 pages

The European Union and Syria

From constructive engagement to marginalization and back?
ByFrancesco Cavatorta, Pierre-Michel Turcotte

chapter 17|22 pages

Contextualizing economic sanctions on Syria

ByFerdinand Arslanian

chapter 18|23 pages

The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) in Syria

A critical analysis of R2P as an interactional process
ByNour M. El-Kebbi