This handbook represents the first comprehensive and evidence-based review of theory, research, and practice in the field of adapted physical education (APE). Exploring philosophical and foundational aspects of APE, the book outlines the main conceptual frameworks informing research and teaching in this area, and presents important material that will help shape best practice and future research.

Written by world-leading researchers, the book introduces the key themes in APE, such as historical perspectives on disability, disability and the law, language, and measurement.  It examines the most significant theoretical frameworks for understanding APE, from embodiment and social cognitive theory to occupational socialization, and surveys current debates and practical issues in APE, such as teacher training, the use of technology, and physical inactivity and health.  Acknowledging the importance of the voices of children, parents and peers, the book also explores research methods and paradigms in APE, with each chapter including directions for further research.

Offering an unprecedented wealth of material, the Routledge Handbook of Adapted Physical Education is an essential reference for advanced students, researchers and scholars working in APE, and useful reading for anybody with an interest in disability, physical education, sports coaching, movement science or youth sport.

chapter |4 pages


ByJustin A. Haegele, Samuel R. Hodge, Deborah R. Shapiro

part I|140 pages

Foundational issues in adapted physical education

chapter 1|18 pages

Historical viewpoint on adapted physical education

ByKaren P. DePauw

chapter 2|23 pages

Law and legislation impacting adapted physical education programs

ByAnita M. Moorman, Mary A. Hums

chapter 3|17 pages

Viewpoints toward disability

Conceptualizing disability in adapted physical education
ByDamian Haslett, Brett Smith

chapter 4|16 pages

Historical context and definition of inclusion

ByIva Obrusnikova, Martin E. Block

chapter 5|14 pages

Utilizing theory to drive research in adapted physical education

ByAnthony J. Maher, Janine K. Coates

chapter 6|19 pages

Evidence-based practices in adapted physical education

ByYeshayahu “Shayke” Hutzler

chapter 7|17 pages

Measurement in adapted physical education research

ByJoonkoo Yun, Layne Case

chapter 8|14 pages

Disability language in adapted physical education

What is the story?
ByNancy L. I. Spencer, Danielle Peers, Lindsay Eales

part II|80 pages

Research approaches

chapter 9|16 pages

Quantitative research

BySamuel R. Hodge

chapter 10|20 pages

Qualitative inquiry in adapted physical education

ByDonna Goodwin

chapter 11|14 pages

Mixed methods research in adapted physical education

ByWilliam J. Harvey, Mathieu Michaud, Shawn Wilkinson

chapter 12|16 pages

Single-subject research designs in adapted physical education

ByJihyun Lee, Phillip Ward

chapter 13|12 pages

Systematic reviews and meta-analysis

ByXihe Zhu

part III|154 pages

Conceptual and theoretical frameworks

chapter 14|12 pages


Philosophical considerations of the body in adaptive physical education
ByØyvind F. Standal

chapter 16|14 pages

Re-thinking disability and adapted physical education

An intersectionality perspective
ByLaura Azzarito

chapter 17|14 pages

Bioecological theory

ByJihoun An, Sheresa Boone Blanchard

chapter 18|16 pages

Social cognitive theory

ByJeffrey J. Martin, Michelle D. Guerrero

chapter 19|17 pages

Self-determination theory

ByJanice Causgrove Dunn, Chantelle Zimmer

chapter 20|13 pages

Self-efficacy theory

ByChunxiao Li

chapter 21|21 pages

Theory of planned behavior

ByTerry L. Rizzo, Luis Columna

chapter 22|16 pages

Motivational theories

ByJeffrey J. Martin, Erin Snapp, Leah Ketcheson

chapter 23|16 pages

Occupational socialization theory and the lived experiences of adapted physical educators

ByWesley J. Wilson, K. Andrew R. Richards

part IV|104 pages

Research trends in adapted physical education

chapter 24|12 pages

Pre-service teacher training in adapted physical education

ByE. William Vogler

chapter 26|22 pages

Adapted physical education research from the perspectives of teachers, peers, and parents

ByFrancis M. Kozub, Cathy McKay, Luis Columna

chapter 27|18 pages

According to the kids

Research from the perspective of children with disabilities
ByJennifer Leo, Niamh-Elizabeth Mourton

chapter 28|14 pages

Motor competence within the discipline of adapted physical education

ByMegan MacDonald, Byungmo Ku, Samuel W. Logan, Jodi Stinson

chapter 29|19 pages

Public health research

Physical inactivity
ByByron Lai, Heidi Stanish