This book is an outcome of the Visual Values Workshop in 1982. It presents the ongoing research on state-of-the-art techniques and applications to address the human perception of changes in visual aesthetic resources and to assign psychological, social, and economic measures of value to visitors.

part I|23 pages

Defining the Experience

chapter 1|10 pages

Defining the Recreation Experience

ByPerry J Brown

chapter 3|3 pages

Interpretation and Visitor Values

ByDouglas Bruce Henry

part II|50 pages

Measuring Visual Perceptions

chapter 4|14 pages

Human Perception of Visual Air Quality (Layered Haze)

ByWilliam Malm, Karen Kelley MacFarland, John Molenar, Terry Daniel

chapter 5|10 pages

Effects of Visual Range on the Beauty of National Parks and Wilderness Area Vistas

ByDouglas A. Latimer, Henry Hogo, Don H. Hern, Terry C. Daniel

chapter 6|13 pages

Implications of NCAR's Urban Visual Air Quality Assessment Method for Pristine Areas

ByPaulette Middleton, Thomas R. Stewart, Robin L. Dennis, Daniel Ely

chapter 7|11 pages

Psychophysics, Visibility, and Perceived Atmospheric Transparency

ByRonald C. Henry

part III|39 pages

Visual Resource Management Systems

chapter 8|7 pages

The Bureau of Land Management's Visual Resource Management System

ByStanley V. Specht

chapter 9|19 pages

Assessing the Reliability, Validity and Generalizability of Observer-Based Visual Impact Assessment Methods for the Western United States

ByRichard C. Smardon, Nickolaus R. Feimer, Kenneth H. Craik, Stephen R. J. Sheppard

chapter 10|11 pages

Objective Evaluation of Visual Values

ByRoss T. Newkirk

part IV|99 pages

Social and Psychological Approaches to Value Assessment

chapter 11|10 pages

A Role Theoretic Analysis of Scenic Quality Judgments

ByKenneth H. Craik

chapter 12|16 pages

Visual Air Quality Values: Public Input and Informed Choice

ByThomas R. Stewart

chapter 13|8 pages

Social Research Methods for Public Land Managers

ByGlen E. Haas, David M. Ross

chapter 14|22 pages

An Examination of Methodologies for Assessing the Value of Visibility

ByKaren Kelley MacFarland, William Malm, John Molenar

chapter 15|9 pages

Two Examples of Psychological Assessment of Visual Values

ByRoss J. Loomis, Thomas C. Greene

chapter 16|13 pages

Assessing the Effect of Visual Air Quality Degradation on Visitor Enjoyment

ByWilliam C. Malm, David Shaver, Gerald E. McGlothin

chapter 17|7 pages

Potential Contributions of Canonical Analysis to Visual Value Research

ByThomas Buchanan, Marcia J. Hayter, Jacquelin P. Buchanan

chapter 18|12 pages

Altering the Visual Quality of a Recreation Resource and Activity Displacement

ByRabel J. Burdge, Leo McAvoy, James Absher, James H. Gramann

part V|72 pages

Economic Approaches to Value Assessment

chapter 20|11 pages

Economic Valuation of Potential Scenic Degradation at Bryce Canyon National Park

ByF. Reed Johnson, Abraham E. Haspel

chapter 21|8 pages

Priorities for Economic Analysis of Visibility Values

ByRobert D. Rowe, Lauraine C. Chestnut

chapter 22|11 pages

Existence and Bequest Value

ByKenneth E. McConnell

chapter 23|10 pages

Existence Value in a Total Valuation Framework

ByAlan Randall, John R. Stoll

part VI|23 pages

Management Perspectives and Case Studies

chapter 25|7 pages

Managing Our Visual Resources

ByJohn A. Taylor

chapter 27|4 pages

Protection of the Visual Experience in the Flat Tops Wilderness

ByDennis Haddow, James Blankenship

chapter 28|8 pages

The Lake Tahoe Environmental Thresholds Study

BySheila Brady

part IV|4 pages

Conclusions and Future Directions