After a long period of stability, Egypt’s agricultural sector experienced sudden change due to the 1973 oil price increases and Anwar Sadat’s Open Door economic policies. Workers left rural Egypt for the cities and high-wage jobs in the oil-exporting countries. The resulting “labor shortage†and rising real wages in agriculture coincided with a

chapter 1|17 pages


ByAlan Richards, Philip L. Martin

part 1|82 pages

Agricultural Labor Markets in Egypt

chapter 2|24 pages

Labor Shortages in Egyptian Agriculture

ByAlan Richards, Philip L. Martin, Rifaat Nagaar

chapter 3|34 pages

Livestock and Small Farmer Labor Supply

ByJames B. Fitch, Ibrahim A. Soliman

chapter 4|22 pages

Taharil Laborers in Egypt

BySawsan el-Messiri

part 2|56 pages

Emigration and Rural Egypt

chapter 5|14 pages

Who is Migrating Where? An Overview of International Labor Migration in the Arab World

ByJ. S. Birks, I. Serageldin, C. A. Sinclair, J. A. Socknat

chapter 6|18 pages

The Demand for Egyptian Labor Abroad

ByJ. S. Birks, C. A. Sinclair, J. A. Socknat

chapter 7|22 pages

Socio-Economic Impact of Emigration from a Giza Village

ByFatma Khafagi

part 3|66 pages

Mechanization: Causes and Consequences

chapter 8|21 pages

Mechanization Decisions in Egyptian Agriculture

ByWayne N. Dyer, Shawky Imam

chapter 9|17 pages

The Social Impact of Mechanization

ByNicholas S. Hopkins

chapter 10|24 pages

Public Policy and the Demand for Mechanization in Egyptian Agriculture

ByWayne N. Dyer, Carl H. Gotsch

part 4|59 pages

Policy Perspectives