Current NATO military strategy is based on the policy of flexible response that U.S. and European politicians endorsed in 1967; for over 15 years, no fundamental changes in NATO's defense strategy have occurred. If NATO cannot stop a Warsaw Pact aggression conventionally, it continues to threaten a gradual and controlled nuclear escalation of both theater and strategic nuclear weapons. Many analysts now question the fundamental principles underlying NATO's policy and strategy, given the enormous changes that have occurred in the strategic environment between 1967 and 1984. The contributors to this book examine the recent proposal by Samuel Huntington, who advocates that NATO adopt a conventional counter-retaliatory strategy based on offensive military actions deep into Eastern Europe. In evaluating this new proposal, the authors analyze the potential impact that it would have on U.S. and NATO military doctrine, assess probable European and Soviet reactions to NATO adopting a conventional counter-retaliatory strategy, and address the linkages existing between conventional and nuclear strategy. In the final chapter, the editors consider the policy, strategy, and force structure questions raised in the book and recommend policy options for the United States.

chapter Chapter 1|14 pages

New Strategies, New Alternatives: Some Introductory Observations

ByKeith A. Dunn, William O. Staudenmaier

chapter Chapter 2|27 pages

Conventional Deterrence and Conventional Retaliation in Europe

BySamuel P. Huntington

chapter Chapter 3|18 pages

Strategic Implications of Doctrinal Change: A Case Analysis

ByRichard Hart Sinnreich

chapter Chapter 4|24 pages

Strategic and Doctrinal Implications of Deep Attack Concepts for the Defense of Central Europe

ByBoyd Sutton, John R. Landry, Malcolm B. Armstrong, Howell M. Estes, Wesley K. Clark

chapter Chapter 5|13 pages

Nuclear-Conventional Tradeoffs: The Debate in Europe

ByCatherine McArdle Kelleher

chapter Chapter 6|50 pages

The Anatomy of the Soviet Empire: Vulnerabilities and Strengths

ByVernon V. Aspaturian

chapter Chapter 7|19 pages

Potential Soviet Responses to a Nato Retaliatory Offensive Strategy

ByDaniel S. Papp

chapter Chapter 8|21 pages

Does the United States Need a Nuclear Warfighting Doctrine and Strategy?

ByKeith B. Payne

chapter Chapter 9|26 pages

A Nato Conventional Retaliatory Strategy: Strategic and Force Structure Implications

ByKeith A. Dunn, William O. Staudenmaier