This second yearbook of The Vienna Institute for Comparative Economic Studies presents studies dealing with the economic situation in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. Its foreign trade analysis offers insights into the ongoing transition process from centrally planned to market-oriented systems.

chapter |4 pages


ByMichael Friedländer

part One|55 pages

Reforms, Trade, and Trade Policy

chapter 1|12 pages

Soviet Perestroika and Foreign Trade

ByPeter Havlik

chapter 2|7 pages

Bulgaria: Economic Reforms and GATT – Continuing Questions

ByMarvin Jackson

chapter 3|13 pages

Czechoslovakia’s Foreign Trade

ByZdenek Lukas

chapter 4|10 pages

Hungary’s West Trade Policy

ByMichael Friedländer

chapter 5|9 pages

CMEA Integration: Stagnation or a New Beginning?

ByFriedrich Levcik

part Two|66 pages

Trade with the Soviet Union

chapter 6|20 pages

Four Small Countries' Relations with the Soviet Union

A comparative analysis
BySándor Richter

chapter 7|12 pages

The Mechanism of Hungarian-Soviet Economic Relations

ByMargit Rácz, Sándor Richter

chapter 8|21 pages

Mechanism and Institutional System of the Finnish-Soviet Economic Relations

ByGábor Obláth, Péter Pete

chapter 9|10 pages

Finnish-Soviet Economic Relations

ByHubert Gabrisch

part Three|62 pages

The Role of Technology

chapter 10|32 pages

Information Technologies and Their Impact on East-West Relations

ByPeter Havlik

chapter 11|16 pages

Export Control Reform and Western Security

ByWerner Brandstetter

chapter 12|3 pages

A Note on Austria’s Policies on Trade and Technology Transfer to the CMEA Countries

ByStephan Barisitz, Gerhard Fink

part Four|50 pages

Foreign Debt

chapter 14|19 pages

Hard Currency Position of the CMEA Countries and Yugoslavia 1

ByGerhard Fink, Kurt Mauler

chapter 15|15 pages

Poland’s Debt Situation

ByHubert Gabrisch

chapter 16|8 pages

Solving the Polish Debt Problem

ByWitold Trzeciakowski

chapter 17|4 pages

Yugoslavia’s Relations with International Financing Organizations

ByHermine Vidovic