This book examines the effects that political institutions, the legal system, and economic policies have had on the human rights record in the PRC since 1949. The authors first address the problems of assessing political liberties in a nation that emphasizes economic over civil rights and that has traditionally valued collective rights over individ

chapter |6 pages

Introduction: An Overview

ByFranz Michael, Yuan-li Wu

part One|23 pages

Human Rights and the Establishment of Nationwide Control

chapter 1|9 pages

Defining Human Rights in the People’s Republic of China

ByJohn F. Copper

chapter 2|12 pages

Building a Network of Controls: A Chronological Outline

ByYuan-li Wu

part Two|88 pages

The PRC System from 1949 to 1984

chapter 3|23 pages

Law: A Tool of Power

ByFranz Michael

chapter 4|21 pages

Human Rights and the Chinese Political System

ByJohn F. Copper

chapter 5|25 pages

The Economy: An Object of Experimentation

ByYuan-li Wu

chapter 6|17 pages

Ideology, Reality, and Human Rights

ByFranz Michael

part Three|168 pages

The Victim Groups

chapter 7|17 pages


ByA. James Gregor

chapter 12|17 pages


ByMaria Hsia Chang

chapter 13|18 pages


ByMaria Hsia Chang

chapter 14|19 pages

Non-Chinese Nationalities and Religious Communities

ByFranz Michael

part Four|8 pages


chapter 15|6 pages

Let the Record Speak for Itself

ByYuan-li Wu, Franz Michael