A comprehensive overview of the state of crisis management in international affairs, this book focuses primarily on the U.S.-USSR relationship. For most of the postwar period, the U.S. superiority in nuclear weapons shaped the political structure within which international crises occurred. This edge began to deteriorate by the late 1970s, leading to a new and potentially more dangerous structure within which the superpower rivalry is now conducted. Arguing that the shifting nuclear balance has created a new dimension for crisis management, the contributors analyze such issues as the informal norms of diplomatic behavior that have evolved during the extended superpower rivalry, the tendency of both superpowers to engage in activities that progressively reduce crisis stability, and various concrete measures such as risk reduction centers that might enhance the current system for crisis management. The book also includes case studies of crisis management among non-superpowers. Taken together, these papers address the important question of how human control can be maximized in situations of international crisis.

chapter 1|10 pages


ByGilbert R. Winham

part One|54 pages

Theory and Practice

chapter 2|24 pages

Crisis Management: A Critical Appraisal

ByJames L. Richardson

chapter 3|28 pages

Clausewitz, Loss of Control, and Crisis Management

ByRichard Ned Lebow

part Two|53 pages

Superpower Relations

chapter 4|23 pages

U.S.-Soviet Global Rivalry: Norms of Competition

ByAlexander L. George

chapter 5|28 pages

Arms Control Negotiations and the Stability of Crisis Management

ByKaren Patrick MacGillivray, Gilbert R. Winham

part Three|49 pages

Nuclear Crisis Management

chapter 7|18 pages

Approaches to Nuclear Risk Reduction

ByJoseph S. Nye, William L. Ury

part Four|64 pages

Crisis Management in Regional Context

chapter 8|28 pages

The Managed and the Managers: Crisis Prevention in the Middle East

ByJanice Gross Stein

chapter 9|25 pages

Alternative Attempts at Crisis Management: Concepts and Processes

ByI. William Zartman

chapter 10|8 pages


ByGilbert R. Winham