This book explores the long history in China of Chinese Muslims, known as the Hui people, and regarded as a minority, though in fact they are distinguished by religion rather than ethnicity. It shows how over time Chinese Muslims adopted Chinese practices as these evolved in wider Chinese society, practices such as constructing and recording patrilinear lineages, spreading genealogies, and propagating education and Confucian teaching, in the case of the Hui through the use of Chinese texts in the teaching of Islam at mosques. The book also examines much else, including the system of certification of mosques, the development of Sufi orders, the cultural adaptation of Islam at the local level, and relations between Islam and Confucianism, between the state and local communities, and between the educated Muslim elite and the Confucian literati. Overall, the book shows how extensively Chinese Muslims have been deeply integrated within a multi-cultural Chinese society.

Introduction: Hui communities from the Ming to the Qing, Jianxiong Ma 1. The Mosque and Scripture-hall Education, Jianxiong Ma and Jide Yao 2. Spiritual genealogies of Gansu: Chains of Transmission in the Jahrīya and Khafīya turuq, Jonathan Lipman and Thomas Wide 3. Representation of Sufi Genealogy and Their Socio-Cultural Interaction in Modern Northwest China, Chang Chung-fu 4. Social Conflicts between New Teaching and Old Teaching Sufi Orders among the Salar (Xunhua County, Gansu Province) in the Eighteenth Century, Ma Zongbao 5. Hui Lineages in Taozhou and the Acculturation of Islam during the Qing Dynasty, Que Yue 6. Lineage and Succession of Islamic Studies in Yunnan, Ma Zhihong 7. Ming-Qing Huihui Genealogies and Changing Communal Memory: A Study of Qingzhou (Shandong), Huihui Jiapu, Ding Huiqian 8. A Hui Muslim Lineage in Southwest China: A Case Study of the Xiaba Ma Genealogy, Wang Jianping 9. Genealogy Compilation and Identity Formation: Southeast China Communities of Muslim Descent, Oded Abt