Debates on the meaning of religious belief in an advanced technological age have established the emergence of religion as a fact of daily life. The nineteenth-century imagery of "warfare" between science and religion is long dismissed. Emphasizing this fact of the continuing relevance and importance of religion as a driving force in contemporary life is the stunning emergence on the world scene of militant Muslim beliefs in a period of relatively inactive religious belief elsewhere. In this volume of Culture and Civilization, religion is examined in the context of post-modern societies.

The collection of essays is divided by themes: religions, civilizations, cultures, and the history of ideas. The contributors William Donohue, Simon Kuznets, A. L. Kroeber, Greg Mills, Yoani Sanchez, Murray Weidenbaum, Andreas Herberg-Rothe, Daniel Bell, John W. Gardner, John Charles, and Liu Xiaobo's discuss a variety of topics, with titles including "The Catholic Church and Sexual Abuse," "Why is Africa Poor?," "Freedom and Exchange in Communist Cuba," and the "Economic Structure and the Life of the Jews."

This volume concludes with a grouping of review essays on famous figures ranging from Crane Brinton and Herbert Spencer to Max Gluckman and Hannah Arendt. The volume as a whole projects a sense of the future and avoids hysteria about the past. The contributors have a sharp edge and speak in a critical voice to the dilemmas of the present world order.

chapter 1|12 pages

Christian Sources of Western Civilization

ByA. L. Kroeber

chapter 2|22 pages

The Catholic Church and Sexual Abuse

ByWilliam Donohue

chapter 3|5 pages

Economic Structure and the Life of the Jews

BySimon Kuznets

chapter 4|11 pages

Why is Africa Poor?

ByGreg Mills

chapter 5|18 pages

Freedom and Exchange in Communist Cuba

ByYoani Sánchez

chapter 6|16 pages

Regime Change and Democracy in China

ByLiu Xiaobo

chapter 7|14 pages

Shifting Balances between Business and Government in the United States

ByMurray Weidenbaum

chapter 8|27 pages

The Democratic Warrior and his Social Identity

ByAndreas Herberg-Rothe

chapter 9|8 pages

Reconstruction of Liberal Education

ByDaniel Bell

chapter 10|10 pages

The Anti-leadership Vaccine

ByJohn W. Gardner

chapter 11|20 pages

The Social Context of Medicine

ByJohn Charles

chapter 12|15 pages

Crane Brinton, the New History, Retrospective Sociology, and The Jacobins

ByHoward Schneiderman

chapter 13|16 pages

Herbert Spencer and the Science of Ethics

ByJonathan H. Turner

chapter 14|16 pages

Hannah Arendt as Radical Conservative

ByIrving Louis Horowitz

chapter 15|18 pages

Max Gluckman, The Politics of Law and Ritual in Tribal Society

BySally Falk Moore