Few philosophers have had as much influence as Hegel. When he died in 1831, he not only dominated German philosophy, but also left his mark on the study of religion and art, on historical studies, and on political thought. Much later, Lenin insisted that no one could completely comprehend Karl Marx unless he had first made a thorough study of Hegel. Later, it became fashionable to link Hegel with Nazism and communism. There is today broad agreement that knowledge of Hegel's thought adds a critical dimension to our understanding of recent cultural and political history.

This volume, first published in 1970, focuses on Hegel's political philosophy. It brings together ten essays by six authors who present sharply conflicting interpretations. Here are point-by-point discussions, from differing perspectives, on Hegel's philosophy of the state and his ideas about history and war, nationalism and liberty. Never before have these issues been joined in comparable fashion in a single volume.

Sidney Hook sees Hegel as "the very model of a small - minded, timid Continental conservative" and accuses him of "the most specious reasoning that ever disgraced a philosopher," and E. F. Carritt argues for a "totalitarian" reading of Hegel, while T. M. Knox and Shlomo Avineri defend Hegel against these and other charges. The book also contains a short contribution by Z. A. Pelczynski and Walter Kaufmann's "The Hegel Myth and Its Method." Walter Kaufmann, an outstanding historian of European ideas in philosophy, furnished an introduction as well as footnotes that help to clarify perplexing issues and in some cases seek to put an end to long-lived errors. His analysis is itself a major contribution to Hegel's political theories.

chapter |9 pages


ByWalter Kaufmann

part I|42 pages

The First Debate

chapter 1|17 pages

Hegel and Prussianism

ByT. M. Knox

chapter 2|14 pages


ByE. F. Carritt

chapter 3|4 pages


ByT. M. Knox

chapter 4|5 pages

Final Rejoinder

ByE. F. Carritt

part II|53 pages

The Second Debate

chapter 5|16 pages

Hegel Rehabilitated?

BySidney Hook

chapter 6|9 pages

Hook's Hegel

ByShlomo Avineri

chapter 7|7 pages

Hegel Again

ByZ. A. Pelczynski

chapter 8|19 pages

Hegel and His Apologists

BySidney Hook

part III|65 pages

Two Solos

chapter 9|9 pages

Hegel and Nationalism

ByShlomo Avineri

chapter 10|35 pages

The Hegel Myth and Its Method

ByWalter Kaufmann