ABSTRACT

Covering everything from hate groups and extremist exploits to Black church arsons and the fall out violence from 9/11; this is an important collection that sheds much-needed light on this growing problem.

part |2 pages

PART ONE: DEFINING AND MEASURING HATE AND BIAS CRIME

chapter |6 pages

INTRODUCTION

chapter 1|18 pages

CONNECTING THE PAST TO THE FUTURE: HATE CRIME IN AMERICA

ByCarolyn Petrosino

chapter 2|22 pages

HATE CRIME: AN EMERGENT RESEARCH AGENDA

ByDonald P. Green, Laurence H. McFalls, Jennifer K. Smith

chapter 3|12 pages

THINKING MORE CLEARLY ABOUT HATE-MOTIVATED CRIMES

ByRichard A. Berk, Elizabeth A. Boyd, Karl M. Hamner

part |2 pages

PART TWO: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES

chapter |4 pages

INTRODUCTION

chapter 6|12 pages

ACCOUNTING FOR HATE CRIME: DOING DIFFERENCE

ByBarbara Perry

chapter 7|8 pages

HATE CRIME OFFENDERS: AN EXPANDED TYPOLOGY

ByJack McDevitt, Jack Levin, Susan Bennett

chapter 9|8 pages

HATE CRIMES HURT MORE

ByPaul Iganski

chapter 10|14 pages

consequences for victims: a comparison of bias- and non-bias-motivated assaults

ByJack McDevitt, Jennifer Balboni, Luis Garcia, Joann Gu

chapter 11|16 pages

THE TRAUMATIC EFFECTS OF ETHNOVIOLENCE

ByHoward J. Ehrlich, Barbara E. K. Larcom, Robert D. Purvis

part |2 pages

PART THREE: VICTIMS

chapter |4 pages

INTRODUCTION

chapter 12|8 pages

BLACK CHURCH ARSON IN THE UNITED STATES, 1989–1996

BySarah A. Soule, Nella Van Dyke

chapter 14|8 pages

TREATY RIGHTS AND RESPONDING TO ANTI-INDIAN ACTIVITY

ByZoltan Grossman

chapter 16|12 pages

RACIAL VIOLENCE AGAINST ASIAN AMERICANS

ByHarvard Law Review

chapter 18|18 pages

VICTIM EXPERIENCES IN HATE CRIMES BASED ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION

ByGregory M. Herek, Jeanine C. Cogan, J. Roy Gillis

chapter 19|20 pages

GENDER-BIAS HATE CRIMES: A REVIEW

ByBeverly McPhail

chapter 20|14 pages

examining the boundaries of hate crime law: disabilities and the “dilemma of difference”

ByRyken Grattet, Valerie Jenness

part |2 pages

PART FOUR: HATE GROUPS

part |2 pages

PART FIVE: INTERVENTIONS

chapter |4 pages

INTRODUCTION

chapter 26|20 pages

THE BIRTH AND MATURATION OF HATE CRIME POLICY IN THE UNITED STATES

ByRyken Grattet, Valerie Jenness

chapter 27|18 pages

THE EMERGENCE AND IMPLICATIONS OF AMERICAN HATE CRIME JURISPRUDENCE

ByJames B. Jacobs

chapter 29|16 pages

VICTIM-OFFENDER MEDIATION: THE ROAD TO REPAIRING HATE CRIME INJUSTICE

ByAlyssa H. Shenk