What remains of a great sporting spectacle after the last race is run or the final match is played? How can the vast expense of mounting such events be justified? What if there is nothing left behind or what if the legacy is negative, a costly infrastructure which is unused or a debt-ridden host city? The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Legacy addresses perhaps the most important issue in the hosting of major contemporary sporting events: the problem of ‘legacy’. It offers a rigorous, innovative and comparative insight into this contested concept from interdisciplinary and practical perspectives.

Major events must now have a conscious, credible and defined policy for legacy to meet public expectations. The book provides a comprehensive survey of the various kinds of legacy that can be delivered, as well as a close examination of the potential benefits and practical challenges involved in each. From ‘hard’ legacies, such as stadia and infrastructure, to ‘soft’ legacies including skill development, attitude change and capacity building, the book offers both a historical case study and an innovative strategic management approach, and establishes the limits of what can realistically be achieved in terms of economic, social, cultural, physical and sporting development.

The Routledge Handbook of Sport and Legacy includes contributions from world leading scholars and practitioners and features detailed case studies of major sports events from around the world, including the FIFA World Cup and ten Olympics Games from London in 1908 to London 2012. It is invaluable reading for students and researchers working in sport studies, events management, human geography, economics or planning, and an essential reference for any professional engaged in delivering legacy through sport.

chapter |15 pages


Sport, legacy and leadership

chapter |10 pages

Reflections on Legacy, Olympic Cities and London 2012

Denis Oswald, Chair of the IOC Coordination Commission for Athens 2004 and London 2012

part I|69 pages

Planning and governance of legacy

chapter 1|17 pages

A Strategic and Pluralistic Approach to Planning Legacy

The case of the Giro d’Italia

chapter 2|13 pages

Economic Legacy to Cities From Hosting Mega Sports Events

A case study of Beijing 2008

chapter 3|11 pages

The 1908 Olympic Games

A case study in accidental and incidental legacies

chapter 4|12 pages

A Stakeholder Analysis of the Governance of the 2010 Fifa World Cup

A case study of the City of Cape Town

chapter 5|15 pages

Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games

Modes of legacy network governance

part II|61 pages

Urbanisation and legacy

chapter 6|12 pages

Sydney Olympic Park 2000 to 2010

A case study of legacy implementation over the longer term

chapter 7|9 pages

Croke Park as a Historic Venue

Combining national legacy with multiple use

chapter 8|11 pages

The Legacy of Memory

The Stockholm and Helsinki Olympic stadia as living memorials

chapter 10|17 pages

Framing the Future

Sustainability, legacy and the 2012 London Games

part III|69 pages

Social and cultural legacies

chapter 11|15 pages

Paralympic Legacy

What legacy?

chapter 12|13 pages

A Lost Legacy of Fraternity?

The case of European youth football

chapter 13|13 pages

Cultural Olympiad or an Olympics for Cultural Regeneration?

Torino 2006 and its legacy

chapter 14|15 pages

Major Sporting Events and Long-Lasting Tourism Impacts

FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany

chapter 15|12 pages

A Socially Responsible Business Legacy

Raising standards in procurement, supply chains and employment at the London Olympics of 2012

part IV|68 pages

Human capital and legacy

chapter 16|14 pages

City Capacity Building – Preparing to Exploit the Legacy of a Large-Scale Sports Event

The case of Valencia and the 2007 America’s Cup

chapter 17|14 pages

Transferring Knowledge, Know-How and Capability

Managing and sharing knowledge for future events

chapter 18|12 pages

From the First Soccer Women’s World Championship in 1991 to the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008

How capacity-building in small-scale tournaments can help win mega-event bids

chapter 19|13 pages

Learning Disability Sport, Volunteers and Legacy

The case of Special Olympics Great Britain National Games 2009

part V|63 pages

The politics and image of legacy

chapter 22|12 pages

Media, Sport and Memory

The mediated legacies of great sporting events

chapter 23|14 pages

‘Global Visibility and Prestige’

The anticipated legacies of mega sporting events in the Gulf states

chapter 24|12 pages

Modern Temples of Marble and Concrete

The legacy of the unsuccessful Olympic ambition of fascist Rome

chapter 25|12 pages

The Mixed Legacy of Munich

The material, cultural and political consequences of the 1972 Olympic Games