ABSTRACT

The Islamic World is an outstanding guide to Islamic faith and culture in all its geographical and historical diversity. Written by a distinguished international team of scholars, it elucidates the history, philosophy and practice of one of the world's great religious traditions. Its grounding in contemporary scholarship makes it an ideal reference source for students and scholars alike.

Edited by Andrew Rippin, a leading scholar of Islam, the volume covers the political, geographical, religious, intellectual, cultural and social worlds of Islam, and offers insight into all aspects of Muslim life including the Qur’an and law, philosophy, science and technology, art, literature, and film and much else. It explores the concept of an ‘Islamic’ world: what makes it distinctive and how uniform is that distinctiveness across Muslim geographical regions and through history?

chapter |8 pages

Introduction

ByANDREW RIPPIN

part |2 pages

PART I The geo-political Islamic world

chapter 1|13 pages

The Arab Middle East

ByMARTIN BUNTON

chapter 2|15 pages

West Africa

ByDAVID OWUSU-ANSAH

chapter 3|14 pages

East Africa

ByVALERIE J. HOFFMAN

chapter 4|17 pages

Turkey

ByMARKUS DRESSLER

chapter 5|15 pages

Iran

ByELTON L. DANIEL

chapter 6|18 pages

Central Asia DEVIN DeWEESE

chapter 7|15 pages

Southeast Asia

ByNELLY VAN DOORN-HARDER

chapter 8|13 pages

Europe

ByJOHN R. BOWEN

chapter 9|12 pages

The diaspora in the West

ByAMIR HUSSAIN

part |2 pages

PART II The religious Islamic world

chapter 10|12 pages

The Qur a¯n

ByGORDON NICKEL, ANDREW RIPPIN

chapter 11|10 pages

Muh.ammad

ByMICHAEL LECKER

chapter 12|12 pages

Sunnı¯ law

ByROBERT GLEAVE

chapter 13|12 pages

Theology: freewill and predestination

BySULEIMAN ALI MOURAD

chapter 14|21 pages

Ritual life

ByZAYN KASSAM

chapter 15|12 pages

Sufism

ByART BUEHLER

chapter 16|11 pages

Shi ism

ByWILLIAM SHEPARD

chapter 17|11 pages

The Iba¯d.ı¯s

ByVALERIE J. HOFFMANN

chapter 18|13 pages

Relations with other religions

ByDAVID THOMAS

part |2 pages

PART III The intellectual Islamic world

chapter 19|17 pages

The Arabic language

ByMUSTAFA SHAH

chapter 20|11 pages

Philosophy

ByOLIVER LEAMAN

chapter 21|16 pages

The scientific tradition

ByGEORGE SALIBA

chapter 22|13 pages

Education

ByJEFFREY C. BURKE

chapter 23|13 pages

The transmission of knowledge

ByPAUL L. HECK

chapter 24|13 pages

Travel

ByDAVID WAINES

chapter 25|7 pages

Abd al-Jabba¯r

ByGABRIEL SAID REYNOLDS

chapter 26|8 pages

Niz. a¯m al-Mulk

ByNEGUIN YAVARI

chapter 27|7 pages

Al-Ghaza¯lı¯

ByFRANK GRIFFEL

chapter 28|8 pages

Ibn Arabı¯

BySAJJAD H. RIZVI

chapter 29|6 pages

Ibn Taymiyya

ByDAVID WAINES

chapter 30|4 pages

Na¯s. ir al-Dı¯n al-T. u¯sı¯

ByZAYN KASSAM

chapter 31|6 pages

Al-Suyu¯t. ı¯

BySULEIMAN ALI MOURAD

chapter 32|6 pages

Sha¯h Walı¯ Alla¯h

ByMARCIA K. HERMANSEN

chapter 33|7 pages

Bediüzzaman Said Nursi

ByZEKI SARITOPRAK

chapter 34|6 pages

Sayyid Qut.b

ByWILLIAM SHEPARD

chapter 35|10 pages

Fazlur Rahman

ByEARLE H. WAUGH

part |2 pages

PART IV The cultural Islamic world

chapter 36|23 pages

Art

ByHUSSEIN KESHANI

chapter 37|29 pages

Architecture

ByHUSSEIN KESHANI

chapter 38|14 pages

Material culture

ByJAMES E. LINDSAY

chapter 39|12 pages

Military organization and warfare

ByNIALL CHRISTIE

chapter 40|11 pages

Popular piety and cultural practices

ByEARLE H. WAUGH

chapter 41|17 pages

Music

ByMICHAEL FRISHKOPF

chapter 42|22 pages

Cinema

ByGÖNÜL DÖNMEZ-COLIN

part |2 pages

PART V Social issues and the Islamic world

chapter 43|14 pages

Civilization

ByAKBAR AHMED

chapter 44|11 pages

Social change

ByEBRAHIM MOOSA

chapter 45|15 pages

Secularism

ByAMILA BUTUROVIC

chapter 46|20 pages

Public ethics

ByAMYN B. SAJOO

chapter 47|13 pages

Marriage, family, and sexual ethics

ByKECIA ALI

chapter 48|14 pages

Women, gender and human rights

BySIMONETTA CALDERINI

chapter 49|18 pages

Religious minority rights

ByCHRISTOPHER BUCK