Recently the world celebrated the 60th anniversary of the invention of the first transistor. The first integrated circuit (IC) was built a decade later, with the first microprocessor designed in the early 1970s. Today, ICs are a part of nearly every aspect of our daily lives. They help us live longer and more comfortably, and do more, faster. All this is possible because of the relentless search for new materials, circuit designs, and ideas happening on a daily basis at industrial and academic institutions around the globe.

Showcasing the latest advances in very-large-scale integrated (VLSI) circuits, VLSI: Circuits for Emerging Applications provides a balanced view of industrial and academic developments beyond silicon and complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) technology. From quantum-dot cellular automata (QCA) to chips for cochlear implants, this must-have resource:

  • Investigates the trend of combining multiple cores in a single chip to boost performance of the overall system
  • Describes a novel approach to enable physically unclonable functions (PUFs) using intrinsic features of a VLSI chip
  • Examines the VLSI implementations of major symmetric and asymmetric key cryptographic algorithms, hash functions, and digital signatures
  • Discusses nonvolatile memories such as resistive random-access memory (Re-RAM), magneto-resistive RAM (MRAM), and floating-body RAM (FB-RAM)
  • Explores organic transistors, soft errors, photonics, nanoelectromechanical (NEM) relays, reversible computation, bioinformatics, asynchronous logic, and more

VLSI: Circuits for Emerging Applications presents cutting-edge research, design architectures, materials, and uses for VLSI circuits, offering valuable insight into the current state of the art of micro- and nanoelectronics.

chapter 1|14 pages

Integration of Graphics Processing Cores with Microprocessors

ByDeepak C. Sekar, Chinnakrishnan Ballapuram

chapter 2|34 pages

Arithmetic Implemented with Semiconductor Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata

ByEarl E. Swartzlander, Heumpil Cho, Inwook Kong, Seong-Wan Kim

chapter 3|16 pages

Novel Capacitor-Less A2RAM Memory Cells for Beyond 22-nm Nodes

ByNoel Rodríguez, Francisco Gamiz

chapter 4|30 pages

Four-State Hybrid Spintronics–Straintronics

Extremely Low-Power Information Processing with Multiferroic Nanomagnets Possessing Biaxial Anisotropy
ByNoel D’Souza, Jayasimha Atulasimha, Supriyo Bandyopadhyay

chapter 5|16 pages

Improvement and Applications of Large-Area Flexible Electronics with Organic Transistors

ByKoichi Ishida, Hiroshi Fuketa, Tsuyoshi Sekitani, Makoto Takamiya, Hiroshi Toshiyoshi, Takao Someya, Takayasu Sakurai

chapter 6|36 pages

Soft-Error Mitigation Approaches for High-Performance Processor Memories

ByLawrence T. Clark

chapter 8|24 pages

Quest for Energy Efficiency in Digital Signal Processing

Architectures, Algorithms, and Systems
ByRamakrishnan Venkatasubramanian

chapter 9|26 pages

Nanoelectromechanical Relays

An Energy Efficient Alternative in Logic Design
ByRamakrishnan Venkatasubramanian, Poras T. Balsara

chapter 10|32 pages

High-Performance and Customizable Bioinformatic and Biomedical Very-Large-Scale-Integration Architectures

ByYao Xin, Benben Liu, Ray C.C. Cheung, Chao Wang

chapter 11|14 pages

Basics, Applications, and Design of Reversible Circuits

ByRobert Wille

chapter 12|20 pages

Three-Dimensional Spintronics

ByDorothée Petit, Rhodri Mansell, Amalio Fernández-Pacheco, JiHyun Lee, Russell P. Cowburn

chapter 13|16 pages

Soft-Error-Aware Power Optimization Using Dynamic Threshold

BySelahattin Sayil

chapter 14|14 pages

Future of Asynchronous Logic

ByScott C. Smith, Jia Di

chapter 17|32 pages

Dynamic Intrinsic Chip ID for Hardware Security

ByToshiaki Kirihata, Sami Rosenblatt

chapter 18|18 pages

Ultra-Low-Power Audio Communication System for Full Implantable Cochlear Implant Application

ByYannick Vaiarello, Jonathan Laudanski

chapter 19|22 pages

Heterogeneous Memory Design

ByChengen Yang, Zihan Xu, Chaitali Chakrabarti, Yu Cao

chapter 20|20 pages

Soft-Error Resilient Circuit Design

ByChia-Hsiang Chen, Phil Knag, Zhengya Zhang