Over the past few decades, the radiological science community has developed and applied numerous models of the human body for radiation protection, diagnostic imaging, and nuclear medicine therapy. The Handbook of Anatomical Models for Radiation Dosimetry provides a comprehensive review of the development and application of these computational mode

Part I. Computational Phantoms for Radiation Dosimetry: A 40 Year History of Evolution. Stylized Computational Phantoms Developed at ORNL and Elsewhere. The GSF Voxel Computational Phantom Family. The ADELAIDE Teenage Female Voxel Computational Phantom. The MCAT, NCAT, XCAT, and MOBY Computational Human and Mouse Phantoms. The 3D and 4D VIP-Man Computational Phantoms. The FAX06 and the MAX06 Computational Voxel Phantoms. The University of Florida Pediatric Phantom Series. Japanese Computational Phantoms: Otoko, Onago, JM, JM2, JF, TARO, HANAKO, Pregnant Woman, and Deformable Child. Korean Computational Phantoms: KMIRD, KORMAN, KORWOMAN, KTMAN-1, KTMAN-2, and HDRK-Man. Chinese Voxel Computational Phantoms: CNMAN, VCH, and CVP. Pregnant Female/Fetus Computational Phantoms and the Latest RPI-P Series Representing 3, 6, and 9 Months Gestational Periods. The Vanderbilt University Reference Adult and Pediatric Phantom Series. Mesh-Based and Anatomically Adjustable Adult Phantoms and a Case Study in Virtual Calibration of Lung Counter for Female Workers. The ICRP Reference Computational Phantoms. Physical Phantoms for Experimental Radiation Dosimetry. Part II. Applications to Environmental Exposures. Applications to External Radiation Exposures in Nuclear Power Plants. Applications to Bioassay for Internal Radiation Contamination. Applications to Nuclear Medicine. Applications to Computed Tomography for Pediatric Patients. Applications to Computed Tomography for Adult Patients. Applications to Optimization of X-Ray Radiographic Imaging. Applications to Nuclear Medicine Imaging and Dosimetry Involving MCAT, NCAT, and MOBY Phantoms. Applications to Secondary Radiation Dosimetry in External Beam Radiation Therapy. Applications to Image-Guided Radiation Treatment Planning. Dose Calculations in Radiation Therapy Based on Patient Models Using the Geant4 Monte Carlo Code. Applications to Patient-Specific Voxel Computational Phantoms in EGS Mon