Hybrid Simulation deals with a rapidly evolving technology combining computer simulation (typically finite element) and physical laboratory testing of two complementary substructures. It is a cost effective alternative to shaking table test, and allows for the improved understanding of complex coupled systems. Traditionally, numerical simulation an

Foreword. Introduction. Theory. Hybrid simulation: A historical perspective. Trajectory exploration approach to hybrid simulation. Integration schemes for real-time hybrid testing . Assessment of experimental errors in hybrid simulation. Hard versus soft real time hybrid simulations:. Variations in physical test equipment and computer simulation tools for civil structural hybrid simulation . Real-time hybrid experimental system with actuator delay compensation. Laboratory facilities. Continuous pseudo-dynamic testing at ELSA. Hybrid testing facilities in Korea. NEES@Lehigh: Real-time hybrid pseudodynamic testing of large-scale structures. CU-NEES fast hybrid testing facility. Real-time substructure testing on distributed shaking tables. Networked hybrid simulation of large-scale structures in Taiwan. Real time substructuring in the UK . Applications. UI-SIMCOR: A global platform for hybrid distributed simulation. Real-time hybrid simulation of a seismically excited structure with large-scale Magneto-Rheological fluid dampers. Hybrid simulation at CRIEPI: Applications to soil structure interaction. Hybrid simulations of nonlinear reinforced concrete frames. Hybrid testing in aerospace and ground vehicle development. Hybrid testing & simulation-the next step in verification of mechanical requirements in the aerospace industry. Subject index. .