ABSTRACT

The presence of cyanide is a significant issue in industrial and municipal wastewater treatment and management, in remediation of former manufactured gas plant sites and aluminum production waste disposal sites, in treatment and management of residuals from hydrometallurgical gold mining, and in other industrial operations in which cyanide-bearing

Introduction. Physical and Chemical Forms of Cyanide. Natural Sources of Cyanide. Manufacture and the Use of Cyanide. Physical-Chemical Properties and Reactivity of Cyanide in Water and Soil. Biological Transformation of Cyanide in Water and Soil. Analysis of Cyanide in Water. Analysis of Cyanide in Solids and Semi-Solids. Fate and Transport of Anthropogenic Cyanide in Surface Water. Fate and Transport of Anthropogenic Cyanide in Soil and Groundwater. Anthropogenic Cyanide in the Marine Environment. Cyanide Cycle in Nature. Human Toxicology of Cyanide. Aquatic Toxicity of Cyanide. Toxicity of Cyanide to Aquatic-Dependent Wildlife. Human Health Risk Assessment of Cyanide Compounds in Water and Soil. Ecological Risk Assessment of Cyanide in Water and Soil. Regulation of Cyanide in Water and Soil. Cyanide Treatment Technology: Overview. Ambient Temperature Oxidation Technologies for Treatment of Cyanide. Separation Technologies for Treatment of Cyanide. Thermal and High Temperature Oxidation Technologies for Treatment of Cyanide. Microbiological Technologies for Treatment of Cyanide. Cyanide Phytoremediation. Management of Cyanide in Municipal Wastewaters. Management of Cyanide in Industrial Process Wastewaters. Cyanide Management in Groundwater and Soil.