ABSTRACT

This 41st Edition presents case histories with operating data-and new research-on most topics of this major subject in today's world. This valuable Purdue Book will prove invaluable to all involved with waste treatment, providing information and data to help solve current problems. These proceedings of the May 1986 Purdue Conference include applications, research, methods and techniques, case histories, and operating data. The 91 papers include two special sections: 21 papers discuss toxic and hazardous wastes and 24 papers cover physical-biological systems. The book is further divided into papers on the following topics: (1) Pretreatment Programs and Systems; (2) Dairy Wastes; (3) Oilfield and Gas Pipeline Wastes; (4) Dye Wastes; (5) Coal, Coke and Power Plant Wastes; (6) Landfill Leachate; (7) Laws, Regulations, and Training; (8) Physical/Biological Systems; (9) Pulp and Paper Mill Wastes; (10) Plating Wastes; (11) Food Wastes; (12) Metal Wastes; and (13) Toxic and Hazardous Wastes.

section 1|35 pages

Pretreatment Programs and Systems

chapter 1|8 pages

Implementation of an Industrial Wastewater Pretreatment Program

ByPaul C. Martyn, Jay G. Kremer

chapter 2|12 pages

Industrial Waste Pretreatment Using a Celrobic Anaerobic Reactor

ByDonald F. DeAngelis, Louis Giokas, James M. Nelson, David L. Welsh

chapter 3|7 pages

Material Substitution Lowers Industrial Waste Treatment Costs

ByGail E. Montgomery, Bruce W. Long

section 2|224 pages

Physical/Biological Systems

chapter 5|10 pages

Floc-Loading Biosorption Criteria for the Treatment of Carbohydrate Wastewaters

ByMervyn C. Goronszy, W. Wesley Eckenfelder

chapter 6|11 pages

Effect of Feed Concentration on Formation and Utilization of Microbial Products During Aerobic Treatment

ByA. F. Gaudy, Y. K. Chen, T. S. Manickam, P. C. D’Adamo, M. P. Reddy

chapter 7|8 pages

Iron and Manganese Removal Using a Rotating Biological Contactor

ByEllen K. Russell, James E. Alleman

chapter 8|6 pages

Wastewater Treatment by a Biological-Physicochemical Two-Stage Process System

ByMilos Krofta, Lawrence K. Wang

chapter 10|9 pages

Brewery Wastewater Treatment by Contact Oxidation Process

ByChang-Wu Huang, Yung-Tse Hung

chapter 11|9 pages

Sludge Quality Index - Evaluation of Sludge Settleability

ByRichard Fox, Donald Angelbeck

chapter 12|7 pages

Suspended Solids Removal from the Effluent of a Fixed-Film Anaerobic Reactor

ByKarel Kapoun, Frederic C. Blanc, James C. O’Shaughnessy

chapter 15|10 pages

Volatilization of Organics in Activated Sludge Reactors

ByDon F. Kincannon, Ali Fazel

chapter 16|5 pages

Transient Temperature Response of Pact® and Activated Sludge Systems to Temperature Changes

ByYu-Chia T. Chou, Gerald J. O’Brien

chapter 17|9 pages

Biological Treatment of Mining Effluents

ByJ. P. Maree, A. Gerber, E. Hill, A. R. McLaren

chapter 18|11 pages

Anaerobic Treatment of High Strength, High Sulfate Wastes

ByBarry L. Hilton, Jan A. Oleszkiewicz

chapter 19|11 pages

Biophysical Treatment of Landfill Leachate Containing Organic Compounds

BySheila F. McShane, T. E. Pollock, Alon Lebel, Bryan A. Stirrat

chapter 20|10 pages

Comparison of the Anaerobic Contact and Packed Bed Processes for the Treatment of Edible Oil Wastewaters

ByC. B. Saw, G. K. Anderson, J. A. Sanderson

chapter 21|8 pages

Anaerobic Treatment of High Nitrogen, High Tds Industrial Wastes

ByShahab Shafai, Jan A. Oleszkiewicz, G. D. Hooper

chapter 22|8 pages

Performance of a Hybrid Anaerobic Process

ByGeorge V. Crawford, Gerald H. Teletzke

chapter 23|5 pages

Treatment of Tannery Effluent-a Case Study

ByT. Damodara Rao, T. Viraraghavan

chapter 24|10 pages

Application of the Batch Activated Sludge Process

ByStephen R. Tate, W. Wesley Eckenfelder

chapter 25|15 pages

Dual Bed Ion Exchange Regeneration–Optimization for High Purity Water Systems

ByJames A. Mueller, Warren Riznychok, Gordon Bie

chapter 26|8 pages

Evaluation of Oxygen Transfer Parameters for Industrial Wastewaters

ByRobert C. Backman, James C. O’Shaughnessy, Fredrick J. Siino

chapter 27|7 pages

Wastewater Profile of an Ethanol Production Facility

ByKurt W. Anderson, Dave Szumski, John F. H. Walker

chapter 28|12 pages

Aerobic and Anaerobic Treatment of High-Strength Industrial Waste Residues

ByE. S. Venkataramani, Robert C. Ahlert, Patricia Corbo

section 3|159 pages

Section Three Toxic and Hazardous Wastes

chapter 29|10 pages

Application of Risk Assessment to Selection Among Site Remediation Alternatives

ByEli J. Salmon, Richard A. Brown

chapter 30|11 pages

Treatment of Hazardous Landfill Leachate Using Sequencing Batch Reactors

ByRobert G. Smith, Peter A. Wilderer

chapter 31|10 pages

Effects of Organic Fluids on Clay Permeability

ByFrazier Parker, Larry D. Benefield, Marshall M. Nelson

chapter 32|10 pages

Aqueous Pyrolysis of Industrial Wastes

ByDavid L. Kincannon, Don F. Kincannon, William L. Hughes

chapter 33|10 pages

Biodegradation of Pentachlorophenol in Soil Environments

ByChung J. Kim, Walter J. Maier

chapter 34|6 pages

Gasoline Recovery in Southern Michigan

ByRichard G. Eaton, Michael V. Glaze

chapter 36|8 pages

Sensitized Photooxidation of Bromacil: A Dye Survey of Potential Photosensitizing Agents

ByTalbert N. Eisenberg, E. Joe Middlebrooks, V. Dean Adams

chapter 37|6 pages

Leak Tightness Testing of Underground Tank Systems

ByRichard K. Henry

chapter 38|8 pages

Anaerobic Degradation of Chlorinated Solvents

ByCecilia Vargas, Robert C. Ahlert, Elizabeth E. Abbott, Marshall G. Gayton

chapter 39|5 pages

Soil and Groundwater Contamination at Wood Preserving Plants

ByJohn Ball

chapter 40|5 pages

Case History–Rubber Tubing Products Plant Wastewater and RCRA Compliance

ByEric J. Arendt, Jerome H. Jacobs, Richard Prober

chapter 41|8 pages

Illinois Hazardous Waste Research and Information Center: Development of an Industrial and Technical Assistance Program

ByFrederick L. Doll, Daniel D. Kraybill, David L. Thomas

chapter 42|5 pages

In-Situ Removal of Purgeable Organic Compounds from Vadose Zone Soils

ByFrederick C. Payne, Charles P. Cubbage, Galen L. Kilmer, Laurence H. Fish

chapter 43|7 pages

Potentially Responsible Parties and Superfund – an Analysis of Issues

ByMichael D. LaGrega, Allen E. Ertel, James H. Dougherty

chapter 44|6 pages

Surfactant Scrubbing of Hazardous Chemicals from Soil

ByJanet Rickabaugh, Sara Clement, Ronald F. Lewis

chapter 45|7 pages

First Year’s Operating Performance of the Omega Hills Landfill Pretreatment Anaerobic Filter

ByPaul E. Schafer, John L. Carter, Gregory C. Woelfel

chapter 46|11 pages

Uptake and Release of Hazardous Chemicals by Soil Materials

ByJu-Chang Huang, Brian A. Dempsey, Shoou-Yuh Chang, Hossein Ganjidoost

chapter 49|5 pages

Removal of Phenol from a Brine Aquifer

ByDavid R. Hale, Evan K. Nyer

section 4|24 pages

Pulp and Paper Mill Wastes

chapter 50|7 pages

Treatment of Pulp and Paper Mill Wastewaters for Potential Water Reuse

ByWilliam R. Knocke, Deepak Bhinge, Elizabeth Sullivan, Gregory D. Boardman

chapter 51|8 pages

Conditioning Of Pulp and Paper Sludge Using Direct Slurry Freezing

ByM. Z. Ali Khan

chapter 52|8 pages

Effects of Papermill Wood Ash on Chemical

ByLewis M. Naylor, Eric J. Schmidt

section 5|20 pages

Dairy Wastes

chapter 54|7 pages

Celrobic® Anaerobic Treatment of Dairy Processing Wastewater

ByAnthony M. Sobkowicz

section 6|15 pages

Plating Wastes

chapter 55|8 pages

Iron Process For Treatment Of Cr(VI) Wastewaters

ByAlan R. Bowers, Carlos A. Ortiz, Roberto J. Cardozo

chapter 56|6 pages

A Case History of Removing Cadmium From Electroplating Wastewater Using Calcium Sulfide

ByJames D. Edwards, John W. Cammarn

section 7|7 pages

Oilfield and Gas Pipeline Wastes

chapter 57|6 pages

Deliquification of Oilfield Drilling Slurries and Production Sludges

ByStephen D. Field, Andrzej Wojtanowicz, Kevin Cange

chapter 58|9 pages

Characterization and Treatment of Spent Hydrostatic Test Water in the Natural Gas Industry

ByForrest R. Sprester, Fernando Cadena, Donald J. Fingleton

section 8|42 pages

Food Wastes

chapter 59|7 pages

Design and Operation of a Cranberry Wastewater Treatment System

ByFrederic C. Blanc, James C. O’Shaughnessy, Ken Carlson, Paul Weisman

chapter 60|6 pages

Full-Scale Operation of an Activated Sludge Plant Treating Corn Wet Milling Wastewater

ByJerry D. Allen, David W. Sass, Enos L. Stover

chapter 61|9 pages

Low-Rate Anaerobic Treatment of a Potato Processing Plant Effluent

ByRobert C. Landine, Stephen R. Pyke, Graham J. Brown, Albert A. Cocci

chapter 62|10 pages

Application of the Two-Phase Anaerobic Fluidized Bed Process to the Treatment of Corn Processing Wastewater

ByDilip J. Kothari, Alan Y. Li, Thomas J. Kontol

chapter 63|9 pages

Characterization and Treatment of Wastewater Generated from Saline Aquaculture of Channel Catfish

ByRicardo B. Jacquez, Paul R. Turner, Hamdy EI-Reyes, Chih-Ming Lou

section 9|364 pages

Coal, Coke, and Power Plant Wastes

chapter 64|5 pages

Development of a Mixed Aerobic Culture for Degrading Coal-Tar

ByJeffrey D. Enzminger, John V. Lepore, Carolyn Gleason, Catherine Dreyer, Robert C. Ahlert

chapter 65|9 pages

Sludge Reduction in Coal-Fired Power Plant Flue-Gas Desulfurization Wastewater Treatment

ByYoshihiro Etoh, Tadashi Takadoi, Ikuo Itoh

chapter 67|10 pages

PDU Scale Nitrification/Denitrification of Pretreated Coal Gasification Wastewater

ByJohn R. Gallagher, Richard E. Shockey, Charles D. Turner, Gale G. Mayer

chapter 68|9 pages

Using Rotating Biological Contactors for the Treatment of Coal Gasification Wastewaters

ByCharles D. Turner, Kevin Wernberg

chapter 69|11 pages

Pilot Study of Upgrading of Existing Coke Oven Waste Treatment Facility With Trickling Filter

ByJohn P. Zurchin, Meint Olthof, John J. Schubert, David Peck, Jerry Penrose

chapter 70|6 pages

Performance Evaluation and Economic Analysis of Pre-Liming Ammonia Steam Stripping from Coke-Plant Effluents

ByJ. J. Ganczarczyk, R. M. Chin, M. J. Kelleher

section 10|14 pages

Dye Wastes

chapter 71|8 pages

Fate of Azo Dyes in The Activated Sludge Process

ByGlenn M. Shaul, Clyde R. Dempsey, Kenneth A. Dostal, Richard J. Lieberman

chapter 72|5 pages

Economical Pretreatment for Color Removal from Textile Dye Wastes

ByGeorge R. Brower, Gregory D. Reed

section 11|29 pages

Landfill Leachate

chapter 74|12 pages

Treatability Study of High Strength Landfill Leachate

ByAnthony F. Gaudy, Alan F. Rozich, Stephanie Garniewski

chapter 75|7 pages

Reverse Osmosis Removals of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons

ByRiley N. Kinman, Janet Rickabaugh, Janette Martin, Ronald F. Lewis

section 12|64 pages

Metal Wastes

chapter 76|4 pages

Waste Metal Recovery Case Histories

ByC. S. Brooks

chapter 77|6 pages

Waste Treatment for Silicon Valley Computer and Electronic Supporting Industries

ByEllen Lee, William Strangio, Boon Lim

chapter 78|5 pages

Design and Construction of a 200-Gallon Per Minute Ultrahigh Purity Water System

ByJames D. Edwards, John W. Cammarn

chapter 79|7 pages

A Unique Method for Neutralizing Metal Chloride Waste Produced in the Purification of Polysilicon

ByWilliam C. Breneman, David M. Reeser

chapter 82|7 pages

A Case Study in Meeting Present and Future Water Quality Standards

ByEdward L. Von Stein, Elizabeth F. Wadge

chapter 83|5 pages

Treatment of Die Casting Wastewater Using Ultrafiltration

ByTerrence J. Allen, David L. Clayton, Charles D. Fifield, Jeffrey K. Pugh

chapter 84|6 pages

Evaluation of a Screw Press for Dewatering Steel Industry Sludges

ByMichael T. Unger

chapter 85|9 pages

Residual Chlorine Based Automatic Process Control for the Alkaline Chlorination Process Treating Cyanide Waste

ByAbbas Zaidi, Larry Whittle, Mike Jovanovic

section 13|25 pages

Laws, Regulations, and Training

chapter 86|6 pages

A Municipal Program to Prevent Hazardous Material Spill Problems

ByRichard T. Shogren, John B. Weil

chapter 87|8 pages

Industrial Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations

ByJames C. O’Shaughnessy, Frederic C. Blanc, David Bassett, Susan Moulton

section 14|29 pages

Miscellaneous

chapter 89|6 pages

Acid Rain and the Spaceship Earth

ByNolan A. Curry

chapter 90|15 pages

The Effects of Carbonate on Calcium Fluoride Precipitation

ByJoseph G. Rabosky, James P. Miller

chapter 91|7 pages

Environmental Engineering Infrastructure: Problems and Needs

ByMarcia H. Bates, Stephen P. Shelton