Nuts and dried fruits are part of our daily diet. They are consumed whole or as ingredients of many food products such as muffins, cereals, chocolates, energy bars, breads, and cookies, among others. Health Benefits of Nuts and Dried Fruits provides a comprehensive overview of the literature on the health benefits of nuts and dried fruits. The book summarizes the current state of knowledge in key research areas and provides ideas for future scientific research and product development.

Nuts, a term that comprises tree nuts and peanuts, are highly nutritious, containing health-promoting macronutrients, micronutrients, vitamins, and bioactive phytochemicals; they are one of the edible foods with the highest content in antioxidants. The consumption of nuts is recognized for its health-promoting properties, which ranges from a consistent cholesterol-lowering effect in clinical trials to a robust association with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in prospective studies. In spite of the high energy content of nuts, there is no evidence that their frequent consumption promotes obesity, and they may even help control it.

Dried fruits, which serve as important healthful snacks worldwide, are nutritionally equivalent to fresh fruits while providing all of their bioactive components in concentrated form. While the evidence level concerning the health effects of dried fruits lags behind that on nuts, it suggests that individuals who consume dried fruits regularly have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, and other non-communicable diseases.

Main features of the book concerning nuts and dried fruits:

• Provides detailed information on health effects

• Highlights current regulation and health claims

• Provides updated dietary recommendations

• Describes nutrient absorption and metabolism

• Discusses mechanisms implicated in the health effects

Although this book is intended primarily as a reference, by comprehensively reviewing the current state of knowledge it can guide future research on the topic. Among others, food scientists, biochemists, nutritionists, health professionals, decision makers, and regulatory agencies can draw much benefit from its contents. Hopefully, it will help in public health strategies to promote healthy aging and improve population wellbeing.

chapter Chapter 1|10 pages

Health Benefits of Nuts and Dried Fruits

An Overview
ByCesarettin Alasalvar, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Emilio Ros, Joan Sabaté

section Section I|322 pages


chapter Chapter 2|46 pages


Nutrients, Natural Antioxidants, Fat-Soluble Bioactives, and Phenolics
ByCesarettin Alasalvar, Sui Kiat Chang, Fereidoon Shahidi

chapter Chapter 3|32 pages

Effect of Nut Consumption on Blood Lipids, Lipoproteins, and Apolipoproteins – Summary of the Evidence

ByJoan Sabaté, Edward Bitok, Sujatha Rajaram

chapter Chapter 4|34 pages

Nuts and Cardio-Metabolic Syndrome (Endothelial Function, Inflammation, and Blood Pressure)

ByPablo Hernández-Alonso, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Mònica Bulló, Jordi Salas-Salvadó

chapter Chapter 5|30 pages

The Energetics of Nut Consumption

Oral Processing, Appetite, and Energy Balance
ByBreanna M. McArthur, Kelly A. Higgins, Stephanie R. Hunter, Richard D. Mattes

chapter Chapter 6|12 pages

Nut Consumption and Cardiovascular Disease

ByTasnim F. Imran, Luc Djoussé

chapter Chapter 7|14 pages

Nut Consumption and Adiposity

ByMaira Bes-Rastrollo, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González

chapter Chapter 8|42 pages

Nuts in the Prevention and Management of Diabetes

ByStephanie K. Nishi, Effie Viguiliouk, Sonia Blanco Mejia, David J.A. Jenkins, John L. Sievenpiper, Cyril W.C. Kendall

chapter Chapter 9|24 pages

Nut Consumption and Cancer

ByHeinz Freisling, Hwayoung Noh

chapter Chapter 10|14 pages

Nut Consumption and All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality and Longevity

A Review of the Evidence
ByDagfinn Aune

chapter Chapter 11|28 pages

Nuts and Brain Health

Cognition, Depression, and Neurodegenerative Diseases
ByEmilio Ros, Aleix Sala-Vila

chapter Chapter 12|24 pages

Nuts in Healthy Dietary Patterns and Dietary Guidelines

ByElizabeth P. Neale, Linda C. Tapsell

chapter Chapter 13|20 pages


Gut Health and Microbiota
BySerena Galiè, Mònica Bulló, Alessandro Atzeni, Pablo Hernández-Alonso, Jananee Muralidharan, Jordi Salas-Salvadó

section Section II|194 pages

Dried Fruits

chapter Chapter 14|34 pages

Dried Fruits

Nutrients, Natural Antioxidants, and Phytochemicals
ByCesarettin Alasalvar, Sui Kiat Chang, Fereidoon Shahidi

chapter Chapter 15|28 pages

Bioavailability of Nutrients and Phytochemicals from Dried Fruits

ByArianna Carughi, Daniel Gallaher, Giuseppina Mandalari

chapter Chapter 17|24 pages

Dried Fruits and Cardio-Metabolic Syndrome (Endothelial Function, Inflammation, and Blood Pressure)

ByValerie Sullivan, Kristina Petersen, Penny Kris-Etherton

chapter Chapter 18|12 pages

Dried Fruits in the Prevention and Control of Diabetes (Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes)

ByKristie (Korbua) Srichaikul, Melody Ong, Zoha Prasla, Yakup Kohen, Iris Mandalozano, Melanie Paquette, Sandhya Sahye-Pudaruth, Darshna Patel, Cyril W.C. Kendall, John L. Sievenpiper, David J.A. Jenkins

chapter Chapter 19|20 pages

Dried Fruit Consumption and Cancer

ByBradley Bolling, Xiaocao Liu, Jiyuan Liu

chapter Chapter 20|18 pages

Dried Fruits

Bone Health and Osteoprotection
ByBahram H. Arjmandi, Kelli S. George

chapter Chapter 21|10 pages

Dried Fruits

Gut Health and Microbiota
ByMaría Marhuenda Muñoz, Rosa M. Lamuela Raventós

chapter Chapter 22|16 pages

Other Health Benefits of Dried Fruits

Cognitive Function, Appetite, Satiety Control, Intestinal Health, and Hepatoprotection
ByJie Liu, Ziyuan Wang, Mingsi Xie

chapter Chapter 23|14 pages

Dried Fruits as Components of Health Dietary Patterns

ByAna Paula Silva Caldas, Josefina Bressan