During the Neogene – covering the last 23 Million years – the evolution of the environmental setting in Africa was subject to considerable changes. Natural shifts, slow and rapid, evidenced by modifications in palaeogeography, geodynamics, climate, and vegetation have caused repeated and strong changes of ecosystems in the lower latitudes. Using a variety of proxy data – researched and applied by many authors from numerous disciplines – an attempt is made to reconstruct African landscapes over space and time. Besides such spatio-temporal oscillations in recently humid, semi-humid, and dry areas of Africa, this volume of Palaeoecology of Africa (PoA) focuses on long term interrelationships between ecosystem dynamics and climate change, not ignoring the ever growing and ongoing influence of humans on natural ecosystems since the Quaternary. Regionally, this volume lays a strong focus on Nigeria (Niger Delta).

Facing the omnipresent challenges of Global Change, an increasing number of African scientists is involved in palaeoenvironmental and palaeoclimatic research, both theoretical and applied. PoA systematically supports established as well as junior African scientists in the field of sustainable cooperation and academic capacity building.

This book will be of interest to all concerned with or interested in up-to-date research on Neogene to Quaternary low latitudes ecosystem changes and their respective interpretation in the framework of natural climate and vegetation change evidenced by a variety of methods that allow to read and learn from the past by following the motto, "The geologic foretime as the key to the present, and possibly to the future." Palynologists, Geologists, Geographers, Archaeologists, and Geomorphologists will find this edition equally useful for their work.

chapter 1|8 pages

Obituaries: Karl W. Butzer (1934–2016) Françoise Gasse (1942–2014)

ByJürgen Runge, Florence Sylvestre

chapter 2|21 pages

Exploration of the Tibesti Mountains– Re-appraisal after 50 years?

ByBaldur, Gabriel

chapter 3|22 pages

The geomorphology and river longitudinal profiles of the Congo-Kalahari Watershed

ByJ. Tyrel, Flügel, Frank D. Eckardt, Woody (Fenton) P.D. Cotterill

chapter 4|8 pages

Palynological evidence (Apectodinium) of the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) event in the sediments of the Oshosun Formation, Eastern Dahomey Basin, Southwest Nigeria

BySamson Bankole, Eckert Schrank, Bernd-D. Erdtmann, Samuel Akande, Olabisi Adekeye, Samuel Olobaniyi, Olusola Dublin-Green, Akintunde Akintola

chapter 6|19 pages

Palynofacies, sedimentology and palaeoenvironment evidenced by studies on IDA-6 well, Niger Delta, Nigeria

ByJacinta N. Chukwuma-Orji, Edward A. Okosun, Isah A. Goro, Salome H. Waziri

chapter 8|15 pages

Palaeoenvironments and Palaeoclimates during the Upper-Pleistocene and Holocene in the western Lake Kivu region

ByChantal Kabonyi Nzabandora, Emile Roche, Mike I. Akaegbobi†

chapter 9|21 pages

The coastal Holocene sedimentary environments of Loango Bay and Pointe-Noire, Congo: Previous works, recent development and synthesis

ByDieudonné Malounguila-Nganga, Pierre Giresse, Timothée Miyouna, Florent Boudzoumou