Microscopic re-examination of geomaterials consisting of aggregates can shed light on macroscopic behaviour, including compressibility, anisotropy, yielding, creep, cyclic liquefaction and shear rupture. As a result of this process of examination, new methods of material characterization emerge, leading to a greater degree of accuracy in the specification of new constitutive models with physically-meaningful parameters. The impetus behind this development is an increasing awareness on sustainability, leading to the more efficient use of recycled materials for geotechnical applications. The characteristics of recycled materials, such as compressibility and self-hardening, may differ significantly from those of natural materials, and it is crucial that evaluation is made from a specifically particulate perspective.

part 1|154 pages

Micro and macroscopic characterisation

chapter 3|5 pages

Experimental study on effect of K 0-consolidation condition on cyclic shear behaviour of granular soils

ByM. Luan, Z.D. Zhang, D. Jin, Y. He, C.S. Xu

chapter 4|4 pages

Particle breakage in glacial sediments

ByF. Altuhafi, B.A. Baudet, P. Sammonds

chapter 5|4 pages

Investigation of the Anzali sand steady state strength and its relation to standard penetration number

ByE. Ghanbari, A.R. Saberi, S. Fattahzadeh, A. Eslami

chapter 8|7 pages

Anisotropy of elastic moduli at small strain of sands and clays by bender element test

ByT. Hori, S. Yamashita, T. Suzuki

chapter 9|5 pages

Difference in strength characteristics of cement-improved soil under different stress conditions

ByT. Taguchi, M. Suzuki, T. Yamamoto, M. Shimizu

chapter 10|6 pages

Effect of lubrication layers on small strain stiffness of dense Toyoura sand

ByS. Maqbool, Y. Tsutsumi, J. Koseki, T. Sato

chapter 11|7 pages

Three-dimensional measurement of local strain using digital stereo photogrammetry in the triaxial test

ByN. Kikkawa, Y. Nakata, M. Hyodo, H. Murata, S. Nishio

chapter 12|7 pages

Observation of compaction bands under triaxial conditions for diatomaceous mudstone

ByT. Kodaka, F. Oka, H. Kitahara, H. Ohta, J. Otani

chapter 13|8 pages

Effects of large cyclic and creep loading on local deformation characteristics of compacted gravel

ByY. Tsutsumi, J. Koseki, T. Sato, S. Maqbool

chapter 14|6 pages

Three-dimensional shape characterization and particle reconstruction using tomography for granular materials

ByD. Barrot, J. Corriveau, P. Giordano, S. Mandayam, B. Sukumaran

chapter 16|6 pages

Liquefaction properties of volcanic soils with non-plastic fines

ByK. Yagi, S. Miura, K. Shihikawa, T. Nakata

chapter 19|7 pages

Comparison of liquefaction properties of in-situ frozen and reconstituted sandy soils

ByT. Kiyota, T. Sato, J. Koseki, Y. Tsutsumi

chapter 20|7 pages

Strength characteristics of crushable volcanic soils at various degrees of saturation

ByT. Ishikawa, S. Miura, S. Yokohama, R.G. Mijares

chapter 21|5 pages

Effect of soil grain size on failure initiation of water-infiltrated slopes

ByK. Farooq, R.P. Orense, I. Towhata

chapter 22|6 pages

Effect of fines content on the monotonic shear behavior of sand-clay mixtures

ByUk-Gie Kim, Masayuki Hyodo, Chikashi Koga, Rolando P. Orense

chapter 23|4 pages

Crushing of sand mixtures

BySelene Leleu, Julio R. Valdes

chapter 24|5 pages

Particle breakage in transitional soils

ByB.J.I. Shipton, M.R. Coop, A. Nocilla

part 2|177 pages

Discrete element and continuum modelling

chapter 26|4 pages

Intermediate scales in granular matter

ByI. Einav, A. Dyskin, B. Sukumaran

chapter 27|6 pages

DEM simulation of ring shear test on granular material

ByH. Saomoto, T. Matsushima, Y. Yamada

chapter 34|5 pages

Failure surface of granular materials predicted by global-local computations

ByK. Kaneko, R. Aizawa, K. Kumagai, S. Tsutsumi, Y. Kishino

chapter 35|5 pages

Stress path dependency of non-coaxial response

ByS. Tsutsumi, M. Toyosada, K. Hashiguchi, K. Kaneko, Y. Kishino

chapter 36|7 pages

Micro mechanical interpretation of liquefaction resistance of over-consolidated granular assemblies

ByM. Kazama, H. Morimoto, T. Mori, N. Sento, T. Shinozaki

chapter 38|4 pages

A micro-mechanical study of granular soil liquefaction during dynamic excitations

ByMourad Zeghal, Usama El Shamy

chapter 39|4 pages

A discrete element approach to slope failure

ByT. Murakami, A. Murakami

chapter 41|6 pages

A statistical investigation of particle crushing in sand

ByG. Marketos, M.D. Bolton

chapter 42|7 pages

Parametric study on push-up loading of sand plug in open-ended pipe pile using DEM

ByT. Shintani, T. Matsumoto, P. Kitiyodom, H. Kawano, K. Haneda

chapter 43|6 pages

DEM loading simulation of a crushable grain sediment

ByY. Nakata, M. Hyodo, H. Murata

chapter 44|6 pages

Micromechanical analysis of the particulate nature of sturzstroms

ByB. Imre, S.M. Springman

chapter 46|6 pages

Macroscopic balance equations for granular materials

ByT.M. Michelitsch, L. Allan, A.F.L. Hyde

chapter 47|6 pages

A new model accounting for non-coaxial flow of sand

ByA. Lashkari, M. Latifi

chapter 50|7 pages

Extension of subloading tij model to structured soils

ByM. Kikumoto, T. Nakai, F. Zhang, M. Hinokio, A. Yagyu, H. Kyokawa

chapter 51|6 pages

Geomaterials with changing grading: A route towards modelling

ByD. MuirWood

chapter 52|7 pages

Modeling influence of grain breakage

ByA. Daouadjid, P.-Y. Hicher

part 3|190 pages

Engineering applications

chapter 54|6 pages

Measurement of stress and strain development around a pile in a photoelastic granular material

ByJ. Dijkstra, W. Broere, A.F. van Tol

chapter 56|6 pages

Visualization of soil behavior due to lateral pile loadings using X-ray CT scanner

ByK.D. Pham, D. Takano, J. Otani

chapter 57|7 pages

Sand-steel interface friction over a wide shear deformation concerning soil crushability

ByN. Yasufuku, H. Ochiai, K. Omine

chapter 59|6 pages

Pile bearing capacity in crushable soils

ByKeiji Kuwajima, Masayuki Hyodo, Adrian F.L. Hyde

chapter 60|6 pages

Point resistance of sheet shaped foundations in sands with consideration of skin friction

ByP. Rujivipat, T. Kobayashi, H. Ochiai, N. Yasufuku, K. Omine

chapter 61|7 pages

A study of geotechnical characteristics of particulate media in rail track substructures

ByB. Indraratna, M.A. Shahin, W. Salim

chapter 62|7 pages

Effect evaluation of particle shape on mechanical behavior of railroad ballast with discontinuous analysis

ByT. Ishikawa, K. Kobayashi, E. Sekine, Y. Ohnishi

chapter 65|6 pages

A note on the micromechanics of long runout rock avalanches

ByE.T. Bowman

chapter 66|5 pages

Upward movement of fines in sand under one-dimensional water pressure change

ByTakashi Tsuchida, Suguru Yoshimuta, Ryoichi Asa-umi

chapter 67|7 pages

Macro and micro behaviour of soil fracturing

ByK. Soga, K.O. Gafar, M.Y.A. Ng, S.K.A. Au

chapter 69|5 pages

Analysis of the compressibility of soil mixed with crushed EPS by DEM

ByT. Kimata, Y. Yamashita

chapter 70|6 pages

Fibre-reinforced granular soils behaviour: Numerical approach

ByE. Ibraim, D. Muir Wood, K. Maeda, H. Hirabayashi

chapter 71|7 pages

Finite element analysis of ground improved by Sand Compaction Pile method

ByK. Mizuno, H. Matsumoto, T. Tsuchida

chapter 72|6 pages

Characteristics of granular filling materials as sand compaction pile

ByS. Murakami, S. Higashi, N. Nakai, T. Seki, H. Tsuboi

chapter 73|6 pages

Effect of particle crushing on the geotechnical properties of granulated blast furnace slag

ByH. Matsuda, W.J. Baek, K. Shinyama, N. Kitayama

chapter 74|6 pages

Frictional characteristics of tire-derived granular materials

ByH. Hazarika, T. Sugano, Y. Kikuchi, K. Yasuhara, S. Murakami, H. Takeichi, A.K. Karmokar, T. Kishida, Y. Mitarai

chapter 75|7 pages

Effects of tire-chips on cement-treated clay behaviour and its modeling

ByS. Murakami, K. Yasuhara, T. Tanaka, Y. Mitarai, T. Kishida

chapter 76|7 pages

Mechanical behavior of biodegradable granular material of recycled wooden scrap

ByM. Suzuki, T. Yamamoto, H. Hasegawa, A. Matsumoto

chapter 78|6 pages

Physical and mechanical properties of dewatered clay lump and their aggregate

ByK. Ishihara, K. Kajiwara, H. Takeda, S. Yoshino, S. Yamamoto, S. Yamazaki, M. Katagiri, M. Nishimura, M. Terashi

chapter 79|5 pages

A study to estimate the deterioration of rockfill materials

ByT. Nishiyama, A. Murakami, E. Chihara, T. Hasegawa

chapter 80|6 pages

Effects of gypsum veins on the seepage pattern of Upper Gotvand Dam

ByJ. Sadrkarimi, M. Kiyani, B. Fakhri

chapter 82|6 pages

Laboratory tests of buried plastic pipes in sand under repeated load

ByS.N. Moghaddas Tafreshi, O. Khalaj, J. Khanmohammadi