ABSTRACT

The green revolution led to the development of improved varieties of crops, especially cereals, and since then, classical or molecular breeding has resulted in the creation of economically valuable species. Thanks to recent developments in biotechnology, it has become possible to introduce genes from different sources, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, mice and humans, to plants. This technology has made the scientific community aware of the critical role of transgenic, not only as a means of producing stress tolerant crops but also as a platform for the production of therapeutics through molecular farming. Focuses on important field crops to highlight germplasm enhancement for developing resistance to newly emerging diseases, pests, nutrient- and water-use efficiency, root traits and improved tolerance to increasing temperature. Introduces significant recent achievements in crop improvement using methods such as micropropagation, somaclonal variation, somatic embryogenesis, anther/pollen/embryo culture, and compressing the breeding cycle for accelerated breeding and early release of crop varieties. Plant biotechnology has now become an integral part of tissue culture research. The tremendous impact generated by genetic engineering and consequently of transgenic now allows us to manipulate plant genomes at will. There has indeed been a rapid development in this area with major successes in both developed and developing countries. Development of transgenic crop plants, their utilization for improved agriculture, health, ecology and environment and their socio-political impacts are currently important fields in education, research and industries and also of interest to policy makers, social activists and regulatory and funding agencies. This work prepared with a class-room approach on this multidisciplinary subject will fill an existing gap and meet the requirements of such a broad section of readers. Biotechnology and Crop Improvement: Tissue Culture and Transgenic Approaches describes the recent biotechnological advancement and developments in plant tissue culture and transgenic. Plant tissue culture techniques such as such as micropropagation, regeneration, somaclonal variation, somatic embryogenesis, anther/pollen/embryo culture, discussed for genetic improvement of crop plant. Transgenic techniques discussed for developing resistance to newly emerging diseases, pests, nutrient- and water-use efficiency, root traits and improved tolerance to increasing temperature.

Key Features

  • Shows the importance of plant tissue culture and transgenic technology on plant biology research and its application to agricultural production
  • Provides insight into what may lie ahead in this rapidly expanding area of plant research and development
  • Contains contributions from major leaders in the field of plant tissue culture and transgenic technology

This book is devoted to topics with references at both graduate and postgraduate levels. The book traces the roots of plant biotechnology from the basic sciences to current applications in the biological and agricultural sciences, industry, and medicine. The processes and methods used to genetically engineer plants for agricultural, environmental, and industrial purposes along with bioethical and biosafety issues of the technology are vividly described in the book.

1. Transgenic Technology in Crop Improvement. 2. Elicitation: A Biotechnological Approach for Enhancement of Secondary Metabolites in in vitro Cultures. 3. Tissue Culture of Rare and Endangered Forest Plant Species of India. 4. Enhancement of nutritional, pharmaceutical and industrial value of crops through genetic modification with carotenoid Pathway Genes. 5. Factors influencing Somatic Embryogenesis and Regeneration with Particular Reference to Carica Papaya L. 6. Application of Plant Tissue Culture for Improvement of Centella Asiatica. 7. Improvement of Seed Protein Quality in some important Food Crops using Genetic Engineering Approaches. 8. Somatic Embryogenesis and Transformation Studies in Ginger. 9. Role of Biotechnology in Genetic Improvement of Clitoria Ternatea: A Rare Medicinal Plant. 10. Molecular Clonal Fidelity Assessment of Micropropagated Orchids using DNA Markers. 11. Tissue Culture Studies in Lamiaceae – A Review. 12. Cinnamomum Tamala - A Review of its Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Properties and Micropropagation. 13. Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL) Mapping in Crop Improvement. 14. Progress in Genetic Engineering of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] – A Review