This comprehensive book unveils the working relationship of blockchain and the fog/edge computing. The contents of the book have been designed in such a way that the reader will not only understand blockchain and fog/edge computing but will also understand their co-existence and their collaborative power to solve a range of versatile problems.


The first part of the book covers fundamental concepts and the applications of blockchain-enabled fog and edge computing. These include: Internet of Things, Tactile Internet, Smart City; and E-challan in the Internet of Vehicles. The second part of the book covers security and privacy related issues of blockchain-enabled fog and edge computing. These include, hardware primitive based Physical Unclonable Functions; Secure Management Systems; security of Edge and Cloud in the presence of blockchain; secure storage in fog using blockchain; and using differential privacy for edge-based Smart Grid over blockchain.


This book is written for students, computer scientists, researchers and developers, who wish to work in the domain of blockchain and fog/edge computing. One of the unique features of this book is highlighting the issues, challenges, and future research directions associated with Blockchain-enabled fog and edge computing paradigm. We hope the readers will consider this book a valuable addition in the domain of Blockchain and fog/edge computing.

Part I: Fundamental Concepts and Applications of Blockchain-enabled Fog and Edge Computing



Chapter I.            From Blockchain Internet of Things (B-IoT) Towards Decentralized Tactile Internet (Abdeljalil Beniiche, Amin Ebrahimzadeh, and Martin Maier)          

1.1          Introduction      

1.2          Blockchain Technologies              

1.3          Blockchain Iot And Edge Computing        

1.4          The IEEE P1918.1 Tactile Internet            

1.5          Decentralizing The Tactile Internet          

1.6          Blockchain, AI, And Human Intelligence: The Path Forward           

1.7          Open Challenges And Future Work          


Chapter II.           Blockchain Concepts, Architectures and Smart City Applications in Fog and Edge Computing Environments (Daniel Minoli, and Benedict Occhiogrosso)          

2.1          Introduction And Overview        

2.2          Background And Motivations     

2.3          Iot Architectures With Emphasis On The Edge Structures

2.4          5G IoT Communication Technologies      

2.5          Smart City Concepts and Common Smart City Applications            

2.6          Summary Of Applicable Blockchain Concepts      

2.7          Survey Of Smart City Iot Applications That Are And/Or Will Benefit From Blockchains       

2.8          Future Research Areas  


Chapter III.         A Blockchain-enabled Edge Supported E-Challan Mechanism for Content-Centric Internet of Vehicles (Ali Nawaz Abbasi, Tashjia Anfal, and Muhammad Maaz Rehan)              

3.1          Introduction      

3.2          Literature Survey            

3.3          Research Motivation and Problem Statement    

3.4          Proposed Mechanism   

3.5          Results and Discussion  

3.6          Conclusion         



Part II: Security and Privacy Issues in Blockchain-enabled Fog and Edge Computing



Chapter IV.         Hardware Primitive based Blockchain for IoT in Fog and Edge Computing (Uzair Javaid, Muhammad Naveed Aman, and Biplab Sikdar)           

4.1          Introduction      

4.2          PUF Based Blockchain Protocols for IoT In Fog And Edge Computing         

4.3          Conclusion         


Chapter V.          On Blockchain and its Complementarity with Fog Computing to Secure Management Systems (Chaima Khalfaoui, Samiha Ayed, and Moez Esseghir)   

5.1          Introduction      

5.2          Internet Of Things Context         

5.3          Fog Computing

5.4          Blockchains        

5.5          Blockchain And Fogs Complementarity  

5.6          Proposition

5.7          Conclusion         


Chapter VI.         Security and Privacy Issues of Blockchain-enabled Fog and Edge Computing (Imane Ameli, Nabil Benamar, and Abdlhakim Senhaji  Hafid)            

6.1          Introduction      

6.2          Cloud-To-Thing Continuum by means of Fog and Edge Computing             

6.3          Blockchain          

6.4          Blockchain & Fog/Edge Computing: A possible cooperation          

6.5          Future Direction              

6.6          Conclusions       


Chapter VII         Scaling Edge Computing Security with Blockchain Technologies (Pau Marcer, Xavier Masip, Eva Marin, and Alejandro Jurnet)    

7.1          Edge Security and Challenges    

7.2          Blockchain in the security arena

7.3          Blockchain architecture

7.4          Blockchain services in edge computing  

7.5          Blockchain vs cloud solutions applied to edge scenarios 


Chapter VIII        Blockchain based Solutions for Achieving Secure Storage in Fog Computing (Ouns Bouachir, Rima Grati, Moayad Aloqaily, and Adel Ben Mnaouer)             

8.1          Introduction      

8.2          Background       

8.3          Emerging Issues And Challenges

8.4          BC For Edge And Fog      

8.5          Security In BC Based Fog Computing Systems: Solutions 

8.6          Conclusion         


Chapter IX.         Differential Privacy for Edge Computing-based Smart Grid Operating over Blockchain (Muneeb Ul Hassan, Mubashir Husain Rehmani, and Jinjun Chen)

9.1          Introduction      

9.2          Preliminaries Of Private Smart Grid Edge Computing Over Blockchain      

9.3          Literature Review           

9.4          Differentially Private Rer Monitoring For Edge Computing Based Smart Grid Operating Over Blockchain   

9.5          Performance Evaluation

9.6          Challenges and Future Research Directions          

9.7          Conclusion