Cryogen-free cryogenics is leading a revolution in research and industry by its significant advantages over traditional liquid helium systems. This is the first overview for the field, covering the key technologies, conceptual design, fabrication, operation, performance, and applications of these systems. The contents cover important topics such as the operating principles of 4K cryocoolers, enabling technologies (including vibration reduction) for cryogen free systems, the cryogen- free superconducting magnet, and cryogen-free systems that reach mK. It highlights the wide range of applications in materials science, quantum physics, astronomy and space science, medical sciences and etc.

 Key features:

  • Introduce technologies and practical know-how employed for cryogen-free systems of using 4 K cryocoolers to replace liquid helium; 
  • Address state of the arts of cryogen-free superconducting magnets, sub-kelvin refrigeration systems of He-3 sorption cooler, adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator (ADR) and dilution refrigerators (DR).
  • Discuss applications of cryogen-free systems in modern instruments and equipment.

chapter 1|24 pages

Evolution of Cryogenic Engineering

chapter 2|23 pages


Its Application, Supply, and Demand

chapter 3|33 pages

4 K Regenerative Cryocoolers

chapter 5|27 pages

Reduction of Vibration and Drift

chapter 6|66 pages

Enabling Technologies

chapter 8|23 pages

Cryogen-Free 4 K and 1.5 K Systems

chapter 9|33 pages

Cryogen-Free 3He Systems