ABSTRACT

Groundwater use is of fundamental importance to meet the rapidly expanding urban, industrial and agricultural water requirements in (semi) arid areas. Quantifying the current rate of groundwater recharge and define its variability in space and time are thus prerequesites for efficient groundwater resource managment in these regions, where such resources are often the key to economic development. Attention focuses on recharge of phreatic aquifers, often the most readily-available and affordable source of water in (semi) arid regions. These aquifers are also the most susceptible to contamination, with the recharge rate determining their level of vulnerability.  (Semi) arid zone recharge can be highly variable, the greater the aridity, the smaller and potentially more variable the natural flux.  Its determination is an iterative process, involving progressive data collection  and resource evaluation; there is also a need to use more than one technique to verify results.  Direct, localised and indirect recharge mechanisms from a spectrum of known sources are addressed in the framework of recharge from precipitation, intermittant flow and permanent water bodies.  The approach taken for each of these reflects the nature and current understanding of the processes involved.  The volume also reviews current recharge estimation challenges, outlines recent developments and offers guidance for potential solutions.

chapter 1|18 pages

Groundwater recharge principles, problems and developments

ByIan Simmers

chapter 2|93 pages

Recharge from precipitation

ByJan M.H. Hendrickx, Glen R. Walker

part |1 pages

Case studies to Chapter 2

chapter |13 pages

Recharge from irrigated lands

ByJ. Beekma, T.J. Kelleners, T.H.M. Boers, M.R. Chaudhry, J.C. Van Dam

chapter 3|40 pages

Recharge from intermittent flow

ByGideon P. Kruseman

part |1 pages

Case studies to Chapter 3

chapter |14 pages

Estimation of wadi recharge from channel losses in Tabalah Basin, Saudi Arabia

ByAli U. Sorman, Mohamed J. Abdulrazzak

chapter |14 pages

Artificial groundwater recharge practice in Cyprus

ByI. St. Iacovides

chapter 4|41 pages

Recharge from permanent water bodies

ByKen Rushton

part |1 pages

Case studies to Chapter 4

chapter |11 pages

Losses from canals in Pakistan

ByMuhammad Nawaz Bhutta, Ijaz Javed, Paules Dukker

chapter |7 pages

Efficiency of artificial recharge from percolation tanks

ByM. Mehta, S.K. Jain